American History (Exams)

Who were Patriots?

People who want liberty and freedom

What were Loyalists/Tories?

People who agree with the King; not always agree, but don't rebel

What was The First Continental Congress?

A gathering of colonial leaderswho were concerned on how England is treating the colonies

What was the goal of The First Continental Congress?

To state the concerns of the colonists and ask the King to correct the problem

What was the outcome of The First Continental Congress?

-Continue to boycott British goods-Told the colonial militia to prepare for war

What are Militia?

-Ordinary citizens that volunteers to protect a community in times of need.-Also called minutemen

What is the Declaration of Rights?

Outline 10 statements against the King

Who was the Governor of Massachusetts and what did he find out about the colonist?

Thomas Gaige and he found out that colonists were gathering weapons in the town Concord

What did Thomas Gaige decide to do about the supplies?

He decided to sieze the supplies

True or FalseThe colonists knew how the British were going to attackTrue False

False; they didn't know how they would attack

Who were the 4 men that were involved in the Plan at Midnight?

Robert Livingston, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott, and Paul Revere

Who would be in the Old North Church in Boston?

Robert Newman

What did 1 lantern mean? What did 2 laterns mean?

Raise 1 lantern - British come across landRaise 2 lanterns - British come across sea

How many lanterns did Newman raise?

2; the British were coming by land

What happened to Revere on the Midnight Ride?

He was captured

What was known as the Shot Heard Around the World?

The battles at Lexington and Concord

What did Thomas Paine write?

A pamphlet where he argues that citizens, not kings, should make laws. This was called Common Sense.

Why was it called the Shot Heard Around the World?

It was called this because some people were hearing about it, so they told their friends and so on and so forth.

What was the outcome of the pamphlet Common Sense?

-Thomas Paine's words reached all the colonies.-Changed the way many colonists viewed the King-Argued for economic freedom and for the right to have a military

What was the outcome of the Second Continental Congress?

Authorized that the Massachusetts militia was to become the new Continental Army (fought in blue)