APEuro age of metternich

protocol

a formal agreement or treaty

reactionary

political philosophy that wants no change(conservatism on steroids)

morganic

an inappropriate royal marriage

idealization

to view with great esteem; to see as better than it really is

cause celebre

a popular movement of the moment

philhellenics

a lover of greece

sacrilege

to be disrespectful of religion

capital offense

a crime punishable by death

euphoric

extreme happiness

cadet

a military student

linguistic

of or related to language

gentry

the english landed country gentlemen who dominated english politics from 1650-1850

luddite

one who fears technological change and progress

artisan

a skilled craftsman

sedition

to encourage resistance to lawful government authority

public works

government financed projects to create jobs by building things that benefit society

provisional government

a temporary government set up after a revolution until a permanent one can be formed

autonomy

to have control of local affairs but not be independent

pan

all or every

fallow

to leave a portion of land unplanted or unused

enclosure movement

an effort that began in the 1500s in england when the gentry began to fence off land; pushes poor farmers off

industrialism

1) the mass production of goods 2) by machines 3) set up in factories 4) using generated power

ecumenical

friendly relations with different religious groups

utilitarianism

19th century british philosophy that believed government should cause as little pain as possiblejeremy bentham

historical dialectic

marx's idea that all of history is a struggle between rich and poor. poor always eventually win

labor unions

an association of workers in a common industry; strength through numbers