IDC 10020

Define Anatomy and Physiology.

Anatomy-the study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts.Physiology-is the science that deals with the functions of the living organism and its parts.

Describe how science developes new principles.

Observations and experiments > propose hypothesis > design experiment > collect data > determine if data is biased > refine hypothesis > refine experiments > accept as theory > accept as law.

List the 3 ways in which Physiology can be subdivided as scientific discipline.

1) the type of organism involved such as human physiology or plant physiology2) the organizational level studied such as molecular or cellular physiology3) a specific or systemic function being studied such as neurophysiology, respiratory physiology, or cardiovascular physiology

What is an eponym?

Terms that are based or named after a specific person. Example: Eustachian Tubes named after the famed anatomistEustachius

What single criterion might be used to define life?

Autopoiesis-self making

Define the term metabolism as it applies to the characteristics of life.

complex intertwining set of chemical process by which life is made possiblefor a living organism

List the 7 levels of organization.

1) Chemical level-Basis for life2) Organelle level3) Cellular level4) Tissue level5) Organ level6) System level7) Organism level

Identify 3 organelles.

Mitochondria=power houseGolgi=packagingEndoplasmic Reticulum=highways

List the 4 major tissue types

1. Epithelial2. Connective3. Muscle4. Nervous

List the 11 major organ systems.

Acronym: MN RULER DISC / LUCRID SERMN Muscular Nervous Reproductive Urinary Lymphatic Endocrine Respiratory Digestive Integumentary Skeletal Cardiovascular

Namee the 2 major subdivisions of the body as a whole.

1. Axial 2. Appendicular

Identify the 2 major body cavities and the subdivisions of each.

1. Thoracic Cavity2. Abdominopelvic Cavity

list the 9 abdominal regions

Right Hypochondriac Epigastric Left Hypochondriac Right Upper Left UpperRight Lumbar Umbilical Left Lumbar Right Lower Left LowerRight Iliac (inguinal) Hypogastric Left Iliac (inguinal)

List the 4 abdominopelvic quadrents.

Right Upper Right LowerLeft UpperLeft Lower

Define complimentarity of structure and function.

Structure determines function, and function influences the actual anatomy of an organism over time.

Give an example of how the chemical macromolecule DNA can have an influence on body structure

Directs the differentiation of specialized cells in the lungs during development so that they can effectively contribute to respiratory function.