APEuro scientific revolution

hegemony

dominance, control, supremacy

lucrative

has value

geocentric

the theory that earth is the center of the universe and all objects revolve around it

heliocentric

the theory that the sun is the center of the universe and all objects revolve around it

quixotic

fanciful, silly, impractical

scientific method

a new approach to the acquisition of knowledge1) hypothesis2) experimentation 3) new hypothesisassociated with sir francis bacon

empirical

evidence; that which is supported by facts

hypothesis

new idea

prince henry the navigator

prince of portugal who financed many voyages in the 1300s-school of navigation

fransisco pizarro

conquistador of incan empire in mexico

johannes kepler

student of brache-used math to prove heliocentric theory of copernicus-elliptical orbits-3 planetary lawsnew astronomy

diaz

portugalcape of good hope

vasco de gama

portugaleastern sea route to india

cabral

portugaleast coast of brazil

amerigo vespucci

spain"new world

columbus

spainlooking for a western passage to asia/america

balboa

spainaccidentally found pacific ocean

cortez

conquistador of aztecs

ferdinand magellan

spaincircumnavigate the world

cabot

englandnewfoundland

cartier

francest. lawrence river

champlain

francequebec

vesalius

father of modern anatomy"-on the fabric of the human body(book on dissections of human bodies with illustrations)

margaret cavendish

17th century female scientistinvolved in crucial scientific debates-observations upon experimental philosophy

issac newton

symbol of western influence"-calculus-gravity-universal science-principia-optics

scientific revolution

astronomy and anatomy-new intellectual freedom for artisans and scientists

william harvey

first major work on circulatory system-on the motion of the heart and blood -arteries and vein systems-proved the heart pumped blood and oxygenated

spinoza

excomunicated for rejecting judaismbelieved everyting had a RATIONAL explaination-a political treatise

pascal

sought to keep religion and science united-pensees (thoughts)-showed religion was not contrary to reason

descartes

father of modern rationalism"-cortesian split between mind/matter or mind/body-deductive reasoning-analytic geometry-episemology method-discourse on method -physical and spiratual; i think therefore i am

bacon

inductive reasoningempiricism-systematic observations and experiments derived from general concepts that could be tested and verified

maria winkelmann

discovered a comet

mercantilism

tradingtriangular tradeMALTHUS

joint stock corporations

british and dutch east india companiesINVESTMENTS

malacca goa

spice islands, reached by de gama

encomienda

queen isabella declared indians subjects of spain, settlers had the power to use them as slaves

price revolution

golden years of spain from gold and silver pouring in from the new world-inflation due to bullion

west indies

spice islandsreached by de gama

galileo galilei

heliocentrismtelescope-starry messenger-dialogue concerning the two chief world systems "but it does move

triangular trade

europe-africa-americas

royal societyfrench academy

created to help accelerate communications and scientific thought

treaty of tordesailles

pope interveined between spain and portuagal and split the world -portuguese kept africa and eastern sea route-spain got all possessions to the west

giordano bruno

spanish priest who was burned at the stake for heresy when he supported copernicus

ptolemy

ancient cartographergeocentric theory

aristarchus

ancient astronomerheliocentric theory

galen

roman doctorblood does not circulate

leeqenhoek

lense grindermicroscopebacteria

jenner

-inquiry into the cause and effect of vaccinefirst vaccinesmallpox