APEuro Renaissance

renaissance

1400considered the beginning of modern europe"rebirth" of-classical education-greco-roman architecture-humanism-science-inquiry-art

venice

most serene republic"governed by great council and doge-rich in trade-special trading privileges with byzantine empire until the fall of constantinople (1453)

florence

center of the renaissance-rich on trade, textiles, bankingmajor center of art patronagenominally a republic but was dominated by powerful families-medici dynasty

papal states

476 fall of rome = poverty and ruin-presence of catholic church kept the city relevant (1400s papacy returned from avignon)-art and diplomacy

urbino

federigo da montefeltro -emplyed by kings of naples, poes and dukes of milan-conderaotteri

isabella d'este

known for intelligence and political wisdom-patron of the artsco-ruler of matua-classically educated and cultured

johann gutenberg

1453 developed the moveable type printing-revolution in literacy

masaccio

expulsion of adam and eve"classical revolution in painting-perspective-emotion

donatello

david""mary magdalen"classical revolution in sculpture-contraposta-celebrated man

da vinci

renaissance man"vetruvian man""last supper""mona lisa"high renaissance

raphael

discovered by pope julius II"school of athens"madonnasfrescoes in popes room

botticelli

birth of venus""la primavera"revolutionary theme of gods

northern renaissance

centered intellectually on religion and efforts at reformation-erasmus of rotterdam, more, lutherLESS SECULAR THAN ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

durer

germanfamous for religious works, woodblocks, and self portraits

van eyck

flemmishfamous for realistic portraits"the wedding portrait"attention to detail

the decameron

boccaccio brutal examination of human morality-friends hiding from the plague, chronicled various reactions to the black death

medici

branch banking for the popedominated florenceart patronagecosimo-1434 secured his family's controllorenzo-most powerful

the courtier

castiglionea book of etiquette of the ideal renaissance mancombined medeival and modern virtues

the prince

machiavellifirst major work of political science-duty bound ruler"better to be feared than loved""ends justify the means"-has been misused to justify dicatatorships

canterbury tales

chaucerfirst significant work written in english vernacular instead of latinpilgrims traveling between london and the canterbury cathedral telling stories

don quixote

cervantescrowning acheivments of spanish literature-literary realismcharacters represent the dual nature of spanish character

the divine comedy

danteliterary revolution-abandoned latin for vernacular-trilogy-epic poem

brunelleschi

cathedral of florence"revolutionary design-largest dome since antiquity-boom in domes

michelangelo

child prodigy"la pieta""david""moses""sistine chapel cieling""the last judgement"st peters basilica

humanism

study of man and man's achievmentspetrarch "father of humanism"-wrote only in latin-letters to cicerolorenzo valla-activist leonardo bruni-new cicero

classical

of or pertaining to ancient greece or rome

oligarchy

government by the few, the rich

schism

split in religion

facade

face of a church

pieta/madonna/annunciation

mother with crucified body of christmother with childmother and michael

flanders

historic name for belgium

holland

synonym for netherlands

low countries

belgium, netherlands, louxembourg

caravel

revolutionary sailing ship developed in 1300s-rounded hull and three triangular sails

moors

north african muslim tribe that had conquered the iberian peninsula around 1700