photography Final

what is the pne part of a photo that is 100 percent in sharp focus called?

critical plane

what is the acceptably sharp portion of a photo from front to back?

depth of feild

list thee F stops from F1.4 to F22:


list the shutter speeds from 1/1000 to 1/2:


what are f3.5,f6.5, and f9.5 called?

Half stops

the closer the camera is to the subject, the_________ the depth of feild will be.


the farther away the camera is to the subject, the _____________ the depth of feild will be


what type of shutter can be used at any flash synch?


Define Panning:

a type of freeze photo that is taken while the camera is moving in the same direction as the subject

what type of shutter is built into a lens?


what is the easiest way to stop motion in a photo?

fast shutter speed

what is the hardest motion to stop in a photo?

side to side of the camera

a lense set at f2.8 lets in ____________ as much light as one set at f4

twice as much

what is the maximum shutter speed of a focal plane curtain shutter?


what is the slowest ISO setting?


what is the fastest ISO setting?


Film that automatically sets the ISO on certain cameras is called what?

DX coding

what controls the amount of light that reaches the film?

aperture and shutter speed

what type of camera has a line of sight through the viewfinder, through a prism, via a mirror and out through the lens?

SLR (single lens refractor)

what type of camera has two lenses and puts one image on a film?

twin lens

A lense that can be used anywhere between two focal lengths is called a ____ lens


which lens has the widest angle of view?


when you change the focal length of a lens, you change both the __________ and the ___________.

magnification and angle of veiw

what are the three design elements?

line, shape, form

what type of composition is used to keep the main subject out of the center?

rule of thirds

what kind of composition makes the veiwers eyes follow something to to, or away from the min subject?

leading lines

what type of line suggests gracefulness?


what type of lighting should be used to enhance texture?


the lower the ISO, the _____ the grain.


what should unexposed or undeveloped film NOT be exposed to?


a photo with a tree directly behind a persons head is called what?

a merger

what characteristic of light shows where shadows will fall?


Direct light causes what type of shadows?


the light that already exists in the scene is called what?

available or natural

inside light can be what?

flat or contrasty.

when shooting with a flash attachment, you can turn the flash away from the subject and shoot into an _______ for a soft wrap around light.


true or false: the same properties exist for outside light as for inside light.True False


what is the most common of all light?

the sun (natural light)

what are the main types of flash attachments?

dedicated and non-dedicated

if you're using two or more flash meters what do you need to get the correct exposure?

flash meter

what object fires an auxiliary flash without wiring?

slave unit

translucent objects maybe most successfully lit from which direction?

from the back

to photograph a very shiny object, the use of what lighting is suggested?

tent lighting

what filter permits both infrared and available spectrum waves to go through?

Red #25

what filter permits only infrared waves to go through?


a photo that has equal parts top to bottom or side to side is said to have what composition?


what is the first light that should be placed in a portrait setting?


what is the simplist portraight lighting set-ups?

main light and reflector.

when the main light is placed on the side of the face away from the camera, it creates what kind of lighting?


what are three filters that can be used to darken a blue sky with black and white film?


what filter reduces glare when taking pictures through glass or water?


colour negative film is usable in which two spectrums?

ultraviolet and infrared

the type of camera light meter that divides the scene into areas that are metered individually, then evaluated by a camera is ________.


the camera shooting mode that adjusts both aperture and shutter speed is _______.


A______ meter is aimed from the subject toward the camera for a meter reading.

Incident meter

what type of meter is built into a camera?


all light meters are calibrated to read what colour of what?

a grey card

which camera mode allows you to set the aperture and the camera to set the shutter speed?

aperture priority

the camera provides you with a correct light meter reading, which you may or may not use. what mode is this?


what meter only reads only a very small area of the image?

Spot meter

what meter favors the light in the center of the viewfinder?

center-weighted meter

if you are using more than one flash unit, what should you use for a more accurate exposure?

flash meter

on exposures longer than one second, what may cause the image to be underexposed?


what may sometimes cause an unexplained shift in colour in film?


on the photographic colour wheel, what is opposite red?


what degree kelvin are house hold bulbs?


if you select the shutter speed, and the camera selects the aperture, what mode are you using?

shutter speed priority.

what lense should you use for a head and shoulders portrait?

Medium long focal length lens (100-135mm)

what is the most inexpensive way to take macro photos?

close-up lens sets

what is the best way to take a macro photo?

Macro lenses

what macrophotography metho requires extra exposure?

extension tube set.

what are the two best cameras for macro photography?

SLR and view

what was the first photograph called?

a heliograph

what was the exposure time of the first photograph?

8 hours

Jacques Daguerre invented what photographic process from which he produced a photo?

the Daguerre type

what was the first camera made for public use?


who invented the Kodac camera?

george eastman

which war was the first extensively photographed war?


who was responsible for the majority of american civil war photos?

mathew B Brady

which photographer mainly photographed early 1900s paris?

Eugene atget

pre world war II germany was photographed by who?

August Sanders

one of the best great depression photographers was who?

Dorothea Lange

who took the photograph for the first cover of Life Magazine?

Margaret Borke-White

which photographer was responsible for changes in several child labor laws?

Lewis Hine

what process permits photos and type to be printed together on a page?

half tone

which organization was responsible for the documentation in photos of the great depression?

the FSA

what are some of Edward Westons primary photo subjects?

vegetablesfruitplantssea shells

what is a series of photographs with accompanying text in numerous magazines?

photo essays

who created the photo essay 'spanish village"?

Walker Evans

who was in charge of hiring photographers to photograph the great depression?

Roy Striker.