Terms

Anterior(Ventral)

Toward the front

Posterior (dorsal)

Toward the back

Superior

Toward the head

Inferior

Toward the midline of the body

Lateral

Away from the midline of the body

Proximal

Toward the attached end of the limb, origin of the structure, or midline of the body.

Distal

Away from the attached end of the limb, origin of the structure , or midline of the body

Superficial

External; located close to or on the body surface

Deep

Internal; located further beneath the body surface than the superficial structures

Cervical

Regional term referring to the neck

Thoracic

Regional term referring to the portion of body between the neck and abdomen; also known as the chest (thorax)

Lumbar

Regional term referring to the portion of the back between the abdomen and the pelvis

Plantar

The sole or bottom of the foot

Dorsal

The top surface of the foot and hands

palmar

The anterior or ventral surfaces of the hands

Sagittal Plane

A longitudinal (imaginary) line that divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sections

Frontal Plane

A longitudinal (imaginary) line that divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sections

Transverse Plane

Also known as the horizontal plane; an imaginary line that divides the body or any of its parts into superior and inferior sections

RMR

Resting Metabolic Rate