Respiratory Vocabulary

apnea

a transient absense of spontaneous respiration

wheeze

a whistling to sighing sound resulting from narrowing of the lumen of a respiratory passageway

fremitus

vibratory tremors felt by palpation through the chest wall

inhale

to draw in a breath

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchial mucous membrane

crepitation

a rattling in the throat

atelectasis

a collapsed or airless condition of the lungs

bradypnea

abnormally slow breathing rate

COPD

the initials for the disease process called chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder

Kussmaul Respirations

very deep and labored breathing with normal or increased frewquency, fuond among people with severe acidosis

crackle

a crackling sound commonly heard in pneumonia

dyspnea

air hunger

emphysema

a condition in which the alveoli of the lungs become distended or ruptured

hyperpnea

an increased respiratory rate which is deeper than usual commonly occurs in exercise

bronchovesicular

sounds made between tracheal and vesicular sounds

orthopnea

discomfort in breathing

consolidation

solidification of the lungs due to engorgement of the lung tissue, can be seen in pneumonia

percussion

tapping of the body lightly but firmly

egophony

a nasal sound heard in auscultation of the chest when a subject speaks in a normal tone

asthma

paroxysmal dyspnea accompanied by the adventitious sounds caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or swelling of the mucous membrane

pleural effusion

escape of fluid into the pleural space

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura

rhonchi

abnormal sounds produced by passage of air through bronchi which contain secretions

tachypnea

abnormally high respiratory rate

hyperventilation

increased inspiration and expiration as a result of forced increased rate and/or depth