Anatomy of nephron
Glomerulus within Bowman's capsuleProximal convoluted tubuleLoop of HenleDistal convoluted tubule(approximately 1 million nephrons in kidney)
Specific functions of nephron
Filtration - glomerular capillariesSecretion - tubules and peritubular capillariesReabsorption - tubules and peritubular capillariesExcretion - collecting duct
Primary functions of kidney
Waste removalFluid and electrolyte balance maintenanceAcid-base balanceHormone and autocoid secretionBP regulation
Blood flow to kidneys accounts for what percentage of cardiac output?(p.5)
What is normal GFR/minute?(p.2-3)
110 mL/min = average90 - 130 mL/min
What is normal GFR/hour?
What is normal GFR/day?
What is blood threshold for appearance of glucose in urine? (p.5)