The trading of favors, quid pro quo. Trading influense or votes to gain passages of certain projects.

Pork Barrel

A government project or appropriation that yields jobs or other benefits to a spefic locale and patronage opportunties to it's political represenative.

Original Jurisdiction

First time we hear a case. Innocence V. Guilt

Appellate Jurisdiction

Was the trial conducted correctly?Was the LAW applied correctly?(No jury, witness, etc.)


Authority is a legal case establishing a principle or rule that a court or other judicial body utilizes when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.

De Facto Discrimination

Biast and personalCultural bias

De Jure Discrimination

discrminiation based on law

Brown V. Board of Education

Court ruled that seperate but equal was constitutional

Miranda V. Arizona

5th AmendmentMust be read rightsFreedom from self-incrimination

Gideon V. Wainwright

6th amendmentRight to legal counsel must extend to all those charged with felony.

Marbury V. Madison

Was the first time the supreme court delcared something "uncontitutional" and established the concept of "Judical Review"Helped define "checks and balances

Griswold V Connecticut

State laws criminalizing use and procurement and distribution of birthcontrol by married by married women. "Right to Privacy

Roe V. Wade

Pro-Life V. Pro-Choice

Mapp V. Ohio

4th AmendmentSerch/SeizureEvidence obtained and entered into court muct be gotten by way of warrent based on probable causeLegit arrest and conviction

Political Socialization

Is a concept concerning the "study of the developmental process by which children and adsolants aquire political cognition, attitudes, and behavior.

Primary Election

First Tuesday after the first Monday in November.270 electoral votes to win.

Requirements for House

25 years oldA citizen for 25 yearsBe a resident of the state from which they are elected from

Constitutional requirements for Senate

30 years oldCitizen for 9 yearsResident form the state elected

Constitutional requirements for Presidency

35 years oldCitizen for 14 yearsNatural born citizenTerm-4 yearsMax-2 terms or 10 years


Power to govern between National and State

Unitary System

A gov system in which the national gov alone has umtimate (sovereign) authorityEnumerated powers(17)Implied - "Necessary and Proper" Clause


Power at the state levelReserved powers- Health, safety, welfare, morality

Seperation of Powers

The state is divided into branches (3), each with seperate and independent powers and ares of responsibility.

Checks and Balances

No branch becomes to powerfulEach branch has authority over the other

Judical Review

Examination by the courts of the actions in the legislative, executive and administrative branches of government to ensure that those actions conform to the provisions of the constitution.

1st Anemdment

Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition