functional anatomy of the brain

cerebral hemispheres

most superior part of the brain, enclose and obscure the brain stem

somatic sensory area

located in the parietal lobe, impulses from sensory receptors are localized and interpreted in this part of the brain (allows you to recognize pain, coldness, or a light touch)

occipital lobe

the visual area is located in the occipital lobe

temporal lobe

the auditory area is in the temporal lobe

frontal lobe

the primary motor area that allows us to consciously move our skeletal muscles

Broca's area

damage to this area causes inability to speak properly

speech area

located at the junction of the temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes; allows us to sound out words

corpus callosum

connects the cerebral hemispheres