Aerobics_exam_2

What are 4 techniques that apply to all rhythmic aerobics?

1. Maintain good posture2. Breath!3.Keep feet and knees goin in the same direction4. Good neutral spine and back alignment5. Limited repetiion 6. Control arm movements7. Do not wear ankle weights during aerobics portion8. Handheld and wrist weights are general not recommended9. Use an intensity that is high enough to create an overload but low enough to allow oxygen delivery and aerobic metabolism dominate10. Elevate orblower intensity by increasing or decreasing rangebof motion, movemet, amount or height.

What is a sufficiently recovered heart rate so that you can lie down on the floor to stretch or tone?

120 bpm

What is the main thing to remember when selecting a step for a class?

Choose a height thag results in knee flextion of 30-60 degrees

How much lower should water-based heart rates be reduced to make sure you are getting the workout you need?

10-20 bpm

What is circuit training?

The use of a series of exercise stations through which an individual progresses in a specified order.

What is interval training?

Consists of a series of short bouts of high-intensity alternated with rest intervals or lower-intensity activity.

What is cross training and why should you do it?

To use two or more types of exercises to train Because each activity will use your muscles differently, you will get a more complete workout

What are the 2 jobs of muscle toning?

To shape, define, and firm muscles while building muscular strength and endurance

Name 4 benefits of resistance training.

-Increases your muscular strength and endurance-enables you to do more work with less fatige-helps increase or maintain bone density-provides the muscular energy for recreational activities in addition to normal life demands-improves your ability to perform physical skills such as sport skills-reduces your risk of injury, esp to the lower back-improves posture and trunk stability-can create a more aethetic body build

Know what the FITT principle is and how you could apply it to resistance training

F-frequency-at least 2 or 3 times a weekbon alternate daysI-intensity-the more resistance the greater force you will need. Good rule is 8-12 with dificulty by end of the setT-time-20mins to hour of aerobics. Time needed for a good workout with reps

Name 4 good techniques you need to remember when performing resistance training.

-warm up-do multi joint and large muscle before single joint and small muscle-isolate the muscle you want to work-maintain good body alignment-go at a moderate pace-use fluid controlled movements-Use full range of motion-breath

Name two advatages of resistance training with free weights.

Allows you to recruit more muscle fibers than machines More versatile allow for motion in more directions Prevent one body part from lifting for another

What is psychoneuroimmunology?

The study of how our psyche (mind) influences our immune system

How do you know if you are lifting the appropriate amount of weight?

an appropriate weight is one you can move through a desired number of repetitions with the last few repetitions being difficult.

What are two distinct advantages to water exercises over land exercises?

Resisitance is applied in both directions of an exercise People of all abilities can exercise together because its simple to adjust

Name 3 of the 6 original pilates principles.

ConcentrationControlCenteringFlowing movement PrecisionBreathing

What are the 6 essential nutrients?

CarbohydratesProteinFatWaterVitaminsMinerals

How many calories per gram are in a carbohydrate?

4 calories per g

How many calories per gram are in a fat?

9 calories per g

How many calories per gram are in a protein?

4 calories per g

What is the bodys main source of energy?

Carbohydrates

What is glucose?

Simple sugar

What happens to glucose that is not used right away?

glucose is stored in the muscles and liver as glycogenwhen limits of glycogen are reached, additional glucose is converted into fat and storedas adipose tissue.

What are 2 types of carbohydrates?

Simple and complex

List 2 examples of simple carbohydrates.

Natural sugars: fruits and milk and refined sugars

List 2 examples of complex carbohydrates

Whole-grain cereals, vegetables

What are 2 functions of protein?

To Build and repair body tissues To make hemoglobin To form antibodies To produce Enzymes and hormones

How much protein should women intake each day?

0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day

List 2 functions of fat

Source of concentrated energy Acts as insulation from the cold Carries fat soluble vitamins

What % of your daily diet should be fat?

Between 20-35% of calories

What is HDL cholesterol?

High-density lipoprotein.HDL picks up cholesterol from cells and bloodstream and transports it to the liver, where it is used to make the bile salts.HDL is sometimes called the "garbage collector of the bloodstream"HDL is also referred to as "good cholesterol.

What is LDL cholesterol?

low-density lipoprotein.when the body has too much cholesterol, the LDL transporting cholesterol will give up some of its cholesterol to the walls of the arteries.

What are the desirable levels of cholesterol: total and HDL?

Total = below 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl)HDL = 35 mg/dl or lower is considered a risk factor & 60 mg/dl or higher is considered protective

What is the best source to get the vitamins and minerals your body needs?

Through a balanced diet. You can take supplements for both

What are phytochemicals and where are they found?

phytochemicals = "plant chemicals", food components that help ward off cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and hypertension. They are found in a wide variety of foods, including colorful fruits and vegetables, grains, legumes, and seeds. other good sources are green tea, garlic, licorice, and soy.

What is the set point theory and how does it apply to weight loss?

a genetic-based theory that asserts that the body has a preset level of fat that it "believes" to be correct and that it will work to ensure. If a person tries to loose weight and drops below the set point, the body encourages weight gain and a return to the set point by conserving fats and increasing appetite.

What are 3 things to remember when determining your "healthy weight"?

healthy weight" depends on:how much of it is fatwhere on your body extra fat is locatedwhether or not you have weight-related medical problems or a high risk of weight-related disease.

What is a good range of fat for women?

18-30% fat

Aerobic exercise ___ days a week, for ___ minutes per session, at ___ intensity is recommended for weight loss.

most days of the week60-90 minutes per sessionmoderate to high intensity

What are two hidden benefits of exercise?

Metabolic rate remains raised for a period of time following exercise (burning more calories). every pound of muscle gained through exercise burns an additional 50 calories as compared to pound of fat. (you are burning more calories without even trying) fit people start to burn fat more quickly durng exercise than unfit people do.

How do you recognize shin splints? how do you treat and prevent shin splints?

Symptoms: pain and aching in the shin area after an sometimes during exercise. may be specific areas of tenderness or swelling over the bone. Treatment: ice shins for 20-30 mins following exercise. massage shins with cup of frozen water. rest your legs. if swelling, take anit-inflammatory. tape your arches and shins. modify movements to a low-impact style. Prevention: exercise on a resilient floor with good arch-supporting shoes. use proper footwork. strengthen the muscles of the foot and surrounding the shin. stretch calves well before and after workout. keep shins warm before and during class.

How to recognize tendonitis? How to treat and prevent tendonitis?

Symptoms: area of tendonitis may be painful to the touch, warm, and swollen. skin may be red. Treatment: Ice and rest the tendon. if pain is actue or chronic, see a physician. may require anti-inflammatory drugs or surgery. Prevention: use careful, deliberate movements rather than flinging movements. Gradually overload. Warm up and stretch out prior to vigorous activity.

What is the RICE method and what does each letter stand for?

R=rest I=ice C=compression E=elevation This is a standard first-aid treatment for injuries

Know the following muscle groups: biceps tripceps trapezius latissimus dorsi external obliques quadriceps hamstrings achilles tendon pectroalis major abdominals deltoid gastrocnemius gluteus maximus

biceps-upper arm, fronttriceps-upper arm, backtrapezius-neck/shoulderlatissimus dorsi-back of rib cage (lower), from under armpit to hipexternal obliques-side of abdomin, running sidewaysquadriceps-thigh, fronthamstrings-thigh, backachilles tendon-ankle, backpectoralis major-chest, frontabdominals-middle of abdomin, running up and downdeltoid-top of shouldergastrocnemius-calf, backgluteus maximus-butt muscles