Week 6 Terms

Surgical puncture into the abdominal/peritoneal cavity to remove excess fluid; also known as a paracentesis

abdominocentesis

chronic disease of the liver characterized by the destruction of liver cells

cirrhosis

frequent passage of loose, watery stools

diarrhea

inflammation of a diverticulum or several diverticula

diverticulitis

sac or pouch in the walls of an organ; often exhibited in the large intestine

diverticulum

difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

x-ray picture of the pancreatic ducts and bile ducts

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram

crushing of gallstones using ultrasound and shock waves

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

surgical removal of all or a portion of the stomach; also known as gastric resection

gastrectomy

study of the diseases and treatments related to the digestive system

gastroenterology

examination of the stomach with a scope

gastroscopy

feeding through a stomach tube

gavage

inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

suture or plastic repair of a hernia

herniorrhaphy

inflammatory infectious lesions of the oral cavity caused by the herpes simplex virus; cold sores, fever blisters

herpetic stomatitis

telescoping of one portion of the large intestine into another portion of the large intestine

intussusception

unpleasant sensation usually preceding vomiting

nausea

inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

physician specialist in diseases and treatments of hte anus and rectum

proctologist

examination of the anus and rectum with a scope

proctoscopy

surgical removal of the large intestine and rectum

proctocolectomy

enlarging the opening between the stomach and duodenum

pylorplasty

examination of the sigmoid colon with a scope

sigmoidoscopy

plastic surgery of the soft palate, uvula, and structures of the oropharynx

uvulopalatopharynoplasty

incision into the vagus nerve

vagotomy