Nutrient Imbalances: Signs and Symptoms

What might dry, flaking or scaling skin indicate?

Vitamin A or B deficiency

What might petechiae indicate?

Vitamin C or K deficiency

What might cracked skin indicate?

Niacin or Trypto deficiency

What might dull, dry or sparse hair indicate?

Protein, linoleic acid, zinc or copper deficiency

What are Bitot's spots and what do they indicate?

Foamy plaques of corneaVitamin A deficiency

What is xeropthalmia and what does it mean?

Eye drynessVitamin A deficiency

What is keratomalacia and what does it indicate?

Softening of the eye? Cornea?Vitamin A deficiency

What does pale conjunctiva tell us?

Iron, B6 or B12 deficiency

What do red conjunctiva mean?

Riboflavin deficiency

What is cheilosis and what does it indicate?

Vertical cracking of lipsNiacin or riboflavin deficiency

What is anugular stomatitis and what does it indicate?

Red cracks in corners of mouthRiboflavin, niacin, iron or B6 deficiency

What is glossitis and what does it indicate?

Beefy, swollen, shiny tongueVitamin B complex deficiency

What does a pale tongue indicate?

Iron deficiency

What does papillary atrophy indicate?

Niacin deficiency

What about a purple or magenta tongue?

Riboflavin deficiency

Bleeding gums?

Vitamin C deficiency

What doe brittle, ridged/rigid or spoon shaped nails mean?

Iron deficiency

What are splinter hemorrhages and what do they indicate?

Vertical bruising/bleeding lines in nailsVitamin C deficiency

What are the s/s of Vitamin A deficiency?

Dry, flaky, scaly skinBitot's spotsKeratomalaciaXeropthalmia

Just Vitamin B deficiency?

Dry, flaky, scaly skin

What are the s/s of Vitamin B6 deficiency?

Pale conjunctivaAnugular stomatitis

What are the s/s of Vitamin B12 deficiency?

Pale conjunctiva

What are the s/s of Vitamin K deficiency?

Petechiae

Copper deficiency?

Dull, dry, sparse hair

What are the s/s of iron deficiency?

Pale conjunctivaPale tongueAnugular stomatitisBrittle, ridged, spoon-shaped nails

What are the s/s of linoleic acid deficiency?

Dull, dry, sparse hair

What are the s/s of niacin deficieny?

Cracked skinCheilosisAnugular stomatitisPapillary atrophy

S/s of protein deficiency?

Dull, dry, sparse hair(non-skin: kwashiorkor... other PCM probs)

What are the s/s of riboflavin deficiency?

Red conjunctivaPurple/magenta tongueCheilosisAnugular stomatitis

S/S of trypto deficiency?

Cracked skin

S/S of zinc deficiency?

Dull, dry, sparse hair

What do xanthomas indicate?

High cholesterol