Psychologe exam

Cognition

Mental activities involved in acquiring,storing,retrieving,and using knowledge.

mental images

mental rep. of a previously stored sensory exp., including,visual,auditory,olfactory,tactile.

Concept

Mental rep. of a group or category.

Prototype

representation of the best or most typical example of a category.

Artifical concepts

formed by logical,specific rules or characteristics.

Natural concepts

formed by experience in everyday life.

Hiearchy

when we use the middle,basic lavel concepts when first learning material.

Problem solving three stages

Preparationproductionevaluation

During preparation stage we:

Identify given facts, separate relevant from irrelevant facts, and define the ultimate goal.

During production stage we:

hypotheses

we generate hypotheses by

algorithms and heuristics

Algorithm

a set of steps that, if followed correctly, will eventually solve the equation.

heuristics

strategies, or simple rules,used in problem solving and decision making that do not guarantee a solution but offer a likely shortcut to it.