CH.5 The Caribbean Geo Facts


What is the Caribbean economy based on?


tourism offshore bankingmanufacturingexports


Who influenced the Caribbeans?


Europeans and US


How many countries in the Caribbeans?


25


Which region has greater cultural diversity? Caribbeans or Latin America?


Caribbeans


Which body of water links the region


Caribbean Sea


Name the islands in the Greater Antilles


CubaJamaicaHaitiDominican RepublicPuerto Rico


Which land mases make up the Lesser Antilles?


Small islands from Virgin Islands to Trinidad Leeward and Windward Islands


Which countries make up the Rimland


Belize and the Guianas


The coastal zone of mainland, from Belize to the
Guianas is known as?


The Rimland


The major economic activity found in the
Caribbean today is


Tourism


Countries in the Caribbean make most of their
money from off-shore banking through local taxes..right??
True False


False


What countries make up "Hispaniola"


Haiti and Dominican Republic


What are the seasons dependent upon in the Caribbean?


Rainfall...temperature remains relatively the same all year


How many hurricanes tend to move through the Caribbean each year?


6-12


Which hurricane killed at least 10,000 and left like 2.5 million homeless in the 20th century?


Hurricane Mitch


What concept is used to explain the Caribbean's unusual and contradictory position in the world?


Isolated Proximity


What characteristics about the Caribbean are brought about by its Isolated Proximity?


Increased cultural diversitylimited economic opportunityProximity to North America that ensures transnational connection


What environmental problem did the entrance of the Europeans into the region cause?


Devastating deforestation


Which region is less threatened by deforestation that supports wildlife and is protected by conservational efforts


Rimland


What local environmental problems do the Caribbeans have?


Water contamination and Sewage disposal


How much of Haiti's population has access to clean water?


50%


Where is 87% of the Caribbean's population concentrated?


Greater Antilles


How fast is the region growing?


1.3%


What disease in the Caribbean has an infection rate more than 3 times that of North America?


AIDS/HIV


Does the Caribbean have a high Rate of Natural Increase?


Nope


What is the term for the economic flight of Caribbean peoples across the globe?


Caribbean Diaspora


What caused the Rural-to-Urban migration in the Caribbean since the 60s?


mechanization of agricultureoffshore industrialization rapid population growth


What are some characteristics of housing in Cuba?


Many shantytownsGovt. built Apt. blocksStolen electricity from powerlinesHouses stand on poles cuz of flooding


Designates a cultural region extending from midway up coast of Brazil through the Guianas and the Caribbean into southeastern U.S.


Plantation America


What is production of a single commodity (such as sugar) called?


Mono-crop production


What is the name for workers contracted for a set period of time?


Indentured Labor


What was the result of colonial governments freeing slaves by mid 19th century


Asian Immigration


Where are the largest Asian populations in the Caribbean?


Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago


This forced removal of Africans from their native area happened in the 16th century


African Diaspora


How many Africans were relocated during the slave trade?


over 10 million


What are Maroon Societies?


Communities of escaped slaves


Did any Maroon societies survive and what was their impact?


Some survived but many didn'tpreserved African traditions


Do African religions remain in the Caribbean?


Yes...mainly Voodoo


What is the blending of African, European, and Amerindian cultural elements into a unique system


Creolization


What is the highest spoken language in the Caribbean?


Spanish


What are some influential sounds in the Caribbean? (music)


Steel drumsreggaeRara


What proclaimed that U.S. would not tolerate European military involvement in Western Hemisphere


Monroe Docrine


What U.S. action forced Cuba to cede Guantanamo
Bay to the U.S.


Platt Ammendment


US control over Caribbean through imposition of will and military force is typically characterized as...


"Life in the American Backyard"


Do Puerto Ricans seek to secede from the U.S.


Some do...others like the closeness and the free-flowing access.


Are at least most Caribbean countries independent today?


Yes


Which trade block was established for the Caribbeans?


Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)


What was major commodity during the slave trade era in the Caribbeans?


Sugar


What commodity today dominates much of Caribbean trade?


Bannanas


What are duty-free and tax-exempt industrial parks made to attract foreign corporations called


Free-Trade Zones


What is the new industry in the region?


Online Gambling


What is so attracting of the Caribbean's offshore banking?


They offer specialized services that are confidential and tax exempt


What is the serious problem involving huge gap between gross receipts and total tourist dollars thatremain in Caribbean (money flowing out of the country into other country's companies)


Capital leakage


What happens to a nation when a large percentage of the best-educated people leave the region (happening to the Caribbeans)


Brain-Drain


What are Remittances?


Money sent back to home country