CH.5 The Caribbean Geo Facts

What is the Caribbean economy based on?

tourism offshore bankingmanufacturingexports

Who influenced the Caribbeans?

Europeans and US

How many countries in the Caribbeans?


Which region has greater cultural diversity? Caribbeans or Latin America?


Which body of water links the region

Caribbean Sea

Name the islands in the Greater Antilles

CubaJamaicaHaitiDominican RepublicPuerto Rico

Which land mases make up the Lesser Antilles?

Small islands from Virgin Islands to Trinidad Leeward and Windward Islands

Which countries make up the Rimland

Belize and the Guianas

The coastal zone of mainland, from Belize to the
Guianas is known as?

The Rimland

The major economic activity found in the
Caribbean today is


Countries in the Caribbean make most of their
money from off-shore banking through local taxes..right??
True False


What countries make up "Hispaniola"

Haiti and Dominican Republic

What are the seasons dependent upon in the Caribbean?

Rainfall...temperature remains relatively the same all year

How many hurricanes tend to move through the Caribbean each year?


Which hurricane killed at least 10,000 and left like 2.5 million homeless in the 20th century?

Hurricane Mitch

What concept is used to explain the Caribbean's unusual and contradictory position in the world?

Isolated Proximity

What characteristics about the Caribbean are brought about by its Isolated Proximity?

Increased cultural diversitylimited economic opportunityProximity to North America that ensures transnational connection

What environmental problem did the entrance of the Europeans into the region cause?

Devastating deforestation

Which region is less threatened by deforestation that supports wildlife and is protected by conservational efforts


What local environmental problems do the Caribbeans have?

Water contamination and Sewage disposal

How much of Haiti's population has access to clean water?


Where is 87% of the Caribbean's population concentrated?

Greater Antilles

How fast is the region growing?


What disease in the Caribbean has an infection rate more than 3 times that of North America?


Does the Caribbean have a high Rate of Natural Increase?


What is the term for the economic flight of Caribbean peoples across the globe?

Caribbean Diaspora

What caused the Rural-to-Urban migration in the Caribbean since the 60s?

mechanization of agricultureoffshore industrialization rapid population growth

What are some characteristics of housing in Cuba?

Many shantytownsGovt. built Apt. blocksStolen electricity from powerlinesHouses stand on poles cuz of flooding

Designates a cultural region extending from midway up coast of Brazil through the Guianas and the Caribbean into southeastern U.S.

Plantation America

What is production of a single commodity (such as sugar) called?

Mono-crop production

What is the name for workers contracted for a set period of time?

Indentured Labor

What was the result of colonial governments freeing slaves by mid 19th century

Asian Immigration

Where are the largest Asian populations in the Caribbean?

Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago

This forced removal of Africans from their native area happened in the 16th century

African Diaspora

How many Africans were relocated during the slave trade?

over 10 million

What are Maroon Societies?

Communities of escaped slaves

Did any Maroon societies survive and what was their impact?

Some survived but many didn'tpreserved African traditions

Do African religions remain in the Caribbean?

Yes...mainly Voodoo

What is the blending of African, European, and Amerindian cultural elements into a unique system


What is the highest spoken language in the Caribbean?


What are some influential sounds in the Caribbean? (music)

Steel drumsreggaeRara

What proclaimed that U.S. would not tolerate European military involvement in Western Hemisphere

Monroe Docrine

What U.S. action forced Cuba to cede Guantanamo
Bay to the U.S.

Platt Ammendment

US control over Caribbean through imposition of will and military force is typically characterized as...

"Life in the American Backyard"

Do Puerto Ricans seek to secede from the U.S.

Some do...others like the closeness and the free-flowing access.

Are at least most Caribbean countries independent today?


Which trade block was established for the Caribbeans?

Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)

What was major commodity during the slave trade era in the Caribbeans?


What commodity today dominates much of Caribbean trade?


What are duty-free and tax-exempt industrial parks made to attract foreign corporations called

Free-Trade Zones

What is the new industry in the region?

Online Gambling

What is so attracting of the Caribbean's offshore banking?

They offer specialized services that are confidential and tax exempt

What is the serious problem involving huge gap between gross receipts and total tourist dollars thatremain in Caribbean (money flowing out of the country into other country's companies)

Capital leakage

What happens to a nation when a large percentage of the best-educated people leave the region (happening to the Caribbeans)


What are Remittances?

Money sent back to home country