IR and The Sea Lecture 2/17


Nathionality of Vessels


a registered ship is a state's territoryno flag


What does it mean if your ship doesn't fly a flag?


your fair gamecharcteristically pirates


Commonly accpeted practices


warships deffered to by merchanttake care of shots length out to seerescue people


What does being on the sea mean?


lots of countries comming into contact


What are traditional sea going countries


Iberian, Berut, Great Britian


Why does the international law begin here?


establish soverignty over shipsseperates ships from great void


jurisdiction


state must maintain registry of it's shipsstate regulatesBoarding and Seizure


What are the state regulations on ships


internal affiars of the ship - organized and runsafety at seasurvey of vessel - is it sea worthyqualified manning - people who know what they are doingcrews know maritime rules and laws


What is safety at sea


all rules for not colidingmandatorysound signals, lights - regulated so which area diff size and colorcome right - pass port to porteveryone observes these


What are rules for boarding?


haardwithin your territorial waters


What are rules for seizure


abandonedno state flag - piratesif you do, mostly have to give it back


Who gives out flags of convenience


hondurasliberiamaltapanama


What are flags of convenience?


sell their flag and get money


Why would you want a flag of convenience


boats get dealsstandards might be differentex: crew training might be slightly less


Baselines


every country made to make nautical charts


What are baselines


where you draw your limits zone


what are on charts


depthinternal watersterritorial seacontiguous zone


How far does the territorial sea extend?


12 NM


What is the difference between internal waters and territorial se


innocent passage


what is innocent passage


used to luse the land to know where you are


What are the terms of innocent passage?


can't stopcan't let people offcan't take people on


How far does the contiguous zone go?


24 miles


what can you do in the contiguous zone?


enforce polution laws


What ar the methods for drawing baselines


Low water baseline straight line baselinesbay baseline


Low water baseline


mean low water - when tides out wheres your land


straight line baselines


can make internal waters with islands - draw line betweennormalize it


bay baseline


semi circle 24 mile diameterbay must be larger than semi circle


How are base lines determined?


case by case basis around the world


What are historic bays - ex


Peter the Great bay108 mileshistorically has been Russia