37 lymph system

erosions that form in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum resulting in an acid/pepsin imbalance

peptic ulcers

erosions in the stomach that are correlated to exposure to irritants such as NSAIDS, smoking, allergens, alcohol H.Pylori, infections etc

gastric ulcers

clients with this type of ulcer usually complain of pain 1-2 hours after eating

gastric ulcer patients

type of gastric ulcer that form when gastritis become erosive and start to bleed

stress ulcer

clients with this type of ulcer usually complain of pains 2-4 hours after eating or may exhibit no pain

duodenal ulcer

ulcers in the duodenum

duodenal ulcer

inflammation of the veriform appendix


what two things could be ordered to confirm inflammation in the appendiceal area

barium enemaultrasound

half way between the umbilicus and the right iliac crest

mcburney's point

which quadrant is mcburney's point assessed


removal of the appendix


_____ is when pain occurs when fingers are pressed into the rlq and then released suddenly

rebound tenderness

saclike protrusions of the intestinal wall


condition of the colon in which multiple diverticula are present


the exact cause of diverticulosis is _________


a surgically created opening from the colon to the abdominal wall to relieve either a disease or functional problem in the large intestine


surgical opening between a cavity and the surface of the body


what diet are diverticulosis patients put on

fiber diet

term used to describe crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis

inflammatory bowel disease

_____ is characterized by lesions that effect the entire thickness of the bowel and can occur anywhere throughout the colon and small intestine

crohn's disease

fatty stools


characterized by mucosal lesions occurig typically in the rectal area and sigmoid colon and progressing throughout the colon

Uulcerative colitis

how is IBD diagnosed

endoscopic examination with a biopsy

opening created in the small intestines


output from an ileostomy is a thin liquid usually of a yellowish greenish color


_____ refers to symptoms such as cramping, pain, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea

irritable bowel syndrome

scar tissue in the abdomen from previous surgeries or crohn's disease is called ____


twisting of the bowel on itself


when a wall of the muscle weakens and the intestine protrudes through the muscle wall


inflammation of the peritonium, the membranous covering of the abdomen


swollen vascular tissues in the rectal area


characterized by hard infrequent stools that are difficult to pass


refers to the chronic, degenerative changes in the liver cells and thickening of surrounding tissue that result from the liver repairing itself after chronic inflammation


inflammation of the gallbladder


concentrations of mineral salts


presence of gallstones or calculi


abnormal growth of tissue that protrudes into the colon


______ cancer is rare


a person is obese if their BMI is _____

30 or greater

a person is morbidly obese if their BMI is ______

40 or greater

urinary frequency especially at night


the study of disorders of the urinary system


nocturia, burning, bloody urine, high BP, swelling in the face, and pain the small of the back are all warning signs for ________

kidney disease

the desire to urinate


process of expelling urine from the urinary bladder

micturation or voiding

the production of red blood cells and their release by the red bone marrow


where are the kidneys located

below the false ribs in the retroperitonial space

where is a distended bladder palpated

above the symphisis

when the bladder becomes full and distended and urine leaks out is called

overflow incontinence

severe pain in the kidney that radiates to the groin that may occur impairing urination

renal colic

pus in the urine


meats, fish, poultry, eggs, cereals, cranberries, and plums are a type of _________ foods

acid ash

crushing calculus with noninvasive waves


_____ fight infection and assist with immunity


white blood cells are also called


red blood cells are also called


there is generally how much RBC in an adult

4.5 - 6.1 million/mm3

true or false

RBC's have a nucleus
True False

false they do not have a nucleus

how much blood does the heart pump per minute

5- 6 liters per minute

what does blood consist of

RBC, WBC, and platelets

what does blood do when it is pumped through the body

it carries essential substances to the tissue and removes waste products.

what does the lymph system consist of

lymph vessels, nodes, and organs

what is the function of the lymph

assist with immunity, control edema, and absorb digested fat

what are formed elements of plasma

WBC, RBC, and platelets

_____ also oxygenates body tissues


what are the three granulytes

neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils

_____'s main function is to digest and kill microorganisms


immature nuetrophils are called


the life span of a platelet is

10 days

if there is no antigen on the RBC membrane the client has _____ blood type


lymphocytes and monocytes life span

few days to years

nuetrophils, basophils, eosophils life span

few hours to days

normal WBC count

4100 - 10800 mm

homologous transfusion means a transfusion from

a donor

autologous transfusion means from


meats, fish, raisins, dried fruit, green vegetables, dried beans and eggs are all examples of _____ rich food


iron deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia, pernicious anemia, acquired hemolytic anemia, and sickle cell anemia are disorders of ______


leukemia and agranulocytosis are disorders of _______


reduced number of granulocytes


reddish purple patches on the skin


a syndrome that occurs because of primary disease process or condition

Dissiminated intravascular coagulation

inherited bleeding disorder that lack a clotting factor


occuring without a known cause


rare lymphoma that usually arises as a painless swelling in a lymph node

hodgkins disease

5th most common cancer in the world

non hodgkins disease

Heart pumps ------ of blood per minute through adult circulatory system

5 to 6 liters

�Lymphatic system Separate vessel system with two
main functions:

�Transport excess fluid from interstitial spaces to circulatory system

�Protect body from infections

superficial lyph nodes that can be palpated


�Bone marrow decreases or stops

�Client not making enough blood


�Fatigue, weakness, fever,
palpitations, headaches, mouth ulcers, petechiae, gingival bleeding, and epistaxis


�Bone marrow transplants and

aplastic anemia