Exam 1 History 151


Carnegie


Made Fortune in Carnegie Steel IndustryPhilanthropist Helped Develop US railroads


Lincoln


Not Slave Abolitionist Pocket Veto Wade-Davis Bill (50% plan)10% plan


Andrew Johnson


VP to Lincoln; Takes office after Lincoln Assassination

Impeached

Tenure of Office Act


14th Amendment


Defines US citizenshipCivil Rights Act of 1866Helps address many of restrictions found in Black Codes


Freedman Bureau


Initiated by Lincoln

Gov't agency that aided distressed Freedman

Key agency during Reconstruction


Thaddeus Stevens


Radical Republican

Justice for Freedman

Reconstruction


KKK


Nathan Forrest founded it

Social club by handful of Confederate Soliders

Founded in TN 1866


Mississippi Plan


Devised by Democratic Party

Used to surpress or purchase black vote

Grandfather Clause


States Rights


political powers reserved to states rather than federal gov't

Secession

Opposition to desegregation


Edwin Stanton


Radical Republican

Helped get Johnson Impeached

Secretary of War


Tenure of Office Act


Denied President power to remove anyone without Senate approval

Unconstitutional

Helped to set up Johnson for impeachment


Ulysses S Grant


Radical Republican

President

Fought against KKK


Tilden


election of 1876

wins popular vote but loses to Hayes

Secretary of War


Liberal Republican


against special interest groups

allow black colleges to be formed

Try to remove Grant in 1872 election


Home Rule


President Hayes

Troop removal from the South

compromise of 1877


Sheridan


Feuded with Johnson

Union General

Worked closely with Ulysses S Grant


Black Hills


Place of origination sacred to Sioux

Agreed to be left to Sioux

Gold found and invaded by prospectors


Ghost Dance


Pan-Native religion

Dance to remove whites (crack earth)

Wear sacred garment during dance (invincible)


Senator Dawes


Wanted to modify reservation system

Allotment

Dawes Act


Standing Bear


Denied to leave reservation to get sons body

Tibbles writes story makes S.B. celebrity

Body never found/supposed to be found white man


Poll Tax


Grandfather clause

Implemented after 15th Amendment

disenfranchising blacks and Indians


Railroads


Creates managerial middle class

1st transcontinental railroad 1869

logistics led to white collar jobs


Secession


As Southern States seceded Union they formed Confederacy

Happened during civil war and later brought back to Union during Reconstruction

11 States seceded


Wade-Davis Bill


aka %50 plan

requires half of said population to swear allegiance to Union

Lincoln Pocket vetos the Bill


13th Amendment


Abolished Slavery

Reconstruction Amendment

1865


Reconstruction


period after civil war

focused on rebuilding economy and social structures

commenced with Emancipation Proclamation


Charles Sumner


Wanted equal rights to Freedman

Worked closely with Lincoln

Leader of antislavery forces in MA


Black Codes


Used to limit civil liberties of newly-freed slaves

Reflected unwillingness of whites to see blacks as equal

Used to secure a steady supply of cheap labor


Civil Rights Act of 1866


All born in US are citizens

KKK tries to undermine it

Vetoed by Johnson


Pocket Veto


Lincoln did this Wade-Davis Bill

Allows President to indirectly Veto a Bill

Basically the act of ignoring it until it expires


Military Reconstruction Act


Bill reduced secessionist states into conquered territories

dispatched troops to protect former slave

marital law


Impeachment


Johnson

Formal process where official accused of unlawful activity

Doesn't always result in removal from office


15th Amendment


suffrage to all males in U.S.

a Reconstruction Amendment

1870


Rutherford B. Hayes


wins election of 1876

Beats Tilden

Must remove all troops from the South


Compromise of 1877


Ends Radical Reconstruction

1876 election given to Hayes to remove troops in South

Helps industrialize the South


Sharecropping


ag. system structured so your always in debt

System where landowner provided tools housing seed for large portion of crop

Land divided up per black family


Little Bighorn


Custer Killed

US Army defeated

Led by war heros such as Crazy Horse


Sitting Bull


Believes in Ghost Dance

taken into custody and shot while in shackles "trying" to "escape"

causes 300 people to leave reservation who are later murdered by machine guns in a trench


Wounded Knee


where massacre occurs ending indian resistance

~300 people (woman and children mostly) murdered

Ghost dance myth debunked, won't save you from bullets while wearing sacred garments


Allotment


Proposed by Henry Dawes

Where reservation is placed for Indians

Used to abolish Indians remaining culture


Indians Rights Association


Group dedicated to well being of Native Americans and their culture

Founded in PA

neglected cultural Patterns of Indians (ended up being counter-productive)


Agri-Business


Business involved in food production

Farm debt (credit if bad crops due to bad seasons etc)

Involved in production, processing, marketing, distributing


Rockefeller


Oil Tycoon

Founded Standard Oil Company

Owned biggest shipper of oil and and kerosene in the Country