N302 Ch 3 terms


Cognitive dissonance


The mental discomfort you feel when there is a discrepancy between what you already believe and some new information that does not go along with your view.


Personal value system


Developed over a lifetime that has been extensively shaped by our family, our religious beliefs, and our years of life experiences.


Values


A set of personal beliefs derived from life experiences, interwoven with each other.


Values acquisition


The conscious assumption of a new value


Five core values of professional nursing


Human dignityIntegrityAutonomyAltruismSocial justice


Utilitarian model


Goal-based model that says that the "rightness or wrongness" of an action is always a function of its consequences.


Deontological model


A duty-based model that is person-centered. It incorporates Immanuel Kant's deontological philosophy, which holds that the "rightness" of an action is determined by other factors in addition to its outcome.


Human rights-based model


Based on the belief that each client has basic rights.


Autonomy


The client's right to self-determination


Beneficence


Implies that a decision results in the greatest good or produces the least harm to the client.


Justice


Being fair or impartial


Veracity


Truthfulness


Values clarification


A technique that can help you identify and prioritize your values.


Moral uncertainty


Occurs when a nurse is uncertain as to which moral rules (i.e. values, beliefs, or ethical principles) apply to a given situation.


Ethical or moral dilemmas


Arise when two or more moral issues are in conflict.


Moral distress


Results when the nurse knows what is "right" but is bound to do otherwise because of legal or institutional constraints.