Inca Handout Feb 10


kamayuk


master of a craft


master of a craft


kamayuk


How was stone worked?


with other stones


How did they make ceramic vessels


hand-builtcoilinglater molds


ceramic


fired clay


teerracotta


fired clay (cooked earth litterally)


what are two environments to fire clay in


reducing - blackoxidizing - red


What was the tempurature of firing?


700-800 degreen C


What was the body or the vessel mad of


cleaned clay coated with slip


slip


dilute clay, usually iron oxide minerals for oclor, appleid before firingslip is not organicvessel may be polished/burnished after slippign


glazes


fired at much higher tempsnot before 16th c.


dyes


usually organic, used for organic materialstextiles, basketry


paints


on stucco or plasteron unfired or already fired vesselsfeather, plant, hair brushesorganic or inorganic pigments survive firing


monochrome


one color


bichrome


two colors


polychrome


more than two colors


model


form, shape with hands


mold


form in a moldmolds can make many compies


molding process


1. flat open mold - makes flat objec, may hav edecoration on one side2. two piece mold, different parts of vessel may be joined after molding 3. clay inside the mold dries and separates from wall of mold which is removed4. lost wax molds surround object, are destroyed after use


Descriptive terms for a vessel


support, wall, body, neck, rim, mouth, handle, spout


surface decoration


subtractive techniques incluce: incising, engraving, grooving, gouging, addtive


metal tools


basicallly not used in Mesoamerica, maybe late - used early in Andean America


Stone-working


involves chipping, pecking, drilling, grinding, polishing


pyramids


in New World only truncated pyramids - not pointedBalustrades flank stairways in Mesoamericaulinke finest inca stonework, most stone facades plastered and painted


alfardas


balustrades flank stairways in Mesoamerica


remate


top section of the stairwasy in mesoameric


simplistic


doesn not mean simple means overly simple


unique


means one of a kind


duality


two fold, or opposites that make a whole


symmetry


equivalence between two sides, mirroring


humanistic


referes to study of human beings or the humanities


earflare


circular ear decoration worn by andean and mesoamerican elites


inca, maya, aztec


singular and plural and adjective