Inca Handout Feb 3


When did Pachacuti accend to the throne?


1438-1473


Pachacuti's public workds


master builders and engineerspublic, royal admisitrationsocial engineering, recording of hisotry, reorganization of religion and ceremoniesrewrote lawesenforced intercultural marriage, redesigned/rorganized the miliraryinstitued labor taxation, reciprocity system, extablished acclawasi, planned and rebuilt cuzco


Inca Masonry


stone worked stone without mortar


coursed masonry


smooth wall surface (the finest), or wihtout sunken joints


smooth wall surface or without sunken joints


coursed masonry


polygonal masonry


usually foundation and retaining walls


Usually foundation or retaining wall


polygonal masonry


What covered the joint between stone and thatch roofs at the Korikancha


gold plates


Adobe block masonry


mud and grass blocksofrent the upper walls of stone strucutres


Pirca


laid fildstone masonry with morar


laid fieldstone masonry with mortar


pirca


What were the roof even for the finest architecture?


thatch


How do you tie on the tatch roof


gable pegs


Patchacuti's architecture - characteristics of the imperial model


1. Rectangular structures2. symmestrical trapezoidal openings: doors, windows, niches3. Double jamb doorways, niches - finest architecture4. Perfectly-fitted stone-work, without mortar5. Battered walls (incline inward toward top)6. Siting (location) of structures relative to sacred landscape7. Sacred stones and water features


koricancha (Qorikancha, Coricancha)


golden enclosure or ocmpoundtemple of the sun


temple of the sun


koricancha


Kancha (cancha)


enclosure with non-communicating rectangular single-room structures around a courtyardthe basic inca structural plan


punchao


golden image of sun


golden image of sun


punchao


Aqqlawasi (acclahuasi)


house of women chosen for public service


House of chosen women chosen for public service


aqqlawasi


wasi


house


house


wasi


haucaypata (awkaypata)


principle city plaza


principal city plaza


haucaypata (awkaypata)


Qollqa


circular structure, usually storehouses


circular structure, usually storehouses


Qollqa


Kallanka


great, long, rectangular, single room hall, axial supports, doors on plaza


great, long, rectangular, single room hall, axial supports, doors on plaza


kallanka


usnu


altar or platform/throne in plaza


altar or platform/throne in plaza


usnu


chicha


fermented maize, or other seed or fruit, drink


fermented maize, or other seed or fruit, drink


chicha


mit'a


labor tax


labor tax


mit'a


huaca (waka)


sacred thing or place, often lineage origin feature with transcendent power


sacred thing or place, often lineage origin feature, with transcendent power


huaca (waka)


Who did hte labor?


yanaconas (retainer serfs) and mit'mac/mitmaes


yanaconas


retainer serfs


retainer serfs


yanaconas


mit'mac/mitmaes


moved populations


moved populations


mit'mac/mitmaes


Saqsawaman (Sacsayhuaman)


stronghold at head of, and above Cuzco


Stronghold at head of, and above cuzco


sacsayhuaman


Q'enqu, Kenko


probably was pachacuti's mummy shrine


Tambo Machay


Pachacut "fountain" shirine


Pisac


on saddle of mountain overlooking terracesUrubamba River9000 ft elevationremains of pink plaster on stonesbedrock, polygonal, coursed, and rough stone masonryWaka within circular walltemple conmplex w/ coursed masonry houses, trapezoidal doors and windows with bedrock


Ollantaytambo


70 km NW of Cuzcolower than cuzco - 9000 ftconfluence of patakancha and urubamba riversgateway to warmer sacred vilcabamba country with gold, feathers, coca


Who subdeued and annexed Ollantaytambo


pachacuti


Ollantaytambo agriculture and architecture


terraces lead up to unfinished temple complex with wall of six monolithsstone quarried on side of mountain across river"Piedras cansadas" tired stones, not (yet) used in constructionmany different kinds of stone used


Geography of machu Picchu


8000 ftmountain saddleencircled by urubamba rivermountain at N end of site - Huayna Picchuagricultural terracing on mountain slope


when was machu picchu built?


1450-1470


who discovered machu picchu and when


1911hiram bingham


torreon at Machu pichu


rounded structuresacred royal stoneworkencloses granite bedrock huacawindow marks June solstice sunrise


east-facing three window temple


possibly signifies pakartambo


masma


rectangular structure with one long open side


what is the highest huacaat site


inti huatanahitching place of the sun


how many fountains at Machu Picchu


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