medsurge chapt 7 & 8

what is the primary role of the family?

what does a nuclear family make up

�Traditional nuclear family

�Made up of biologic or adoptive parentsMother and father�and their children

extended family

Extended family �Relatives of either spouse who live with the nuclear family �More prevalent in the late 1800s and early to mid-1900s

Made up of stepparents and their children
�Most often a mother, her biologic children, and a stepfather; however, other variations exist

Blended family

Single-parent family

�Characterized by one head of the household, usually a mother or father �The parent may be widowed, divorced, separated, or never married

Nontraditional family

�Open marriages �Communal families �Cohabitating couples �Group marriages �Gay and lesbian families

Informal rolesFormal roles

�Not as apparent; usually meet the emotional needs of individuals or maintain the family�s equilibrium

�Encourager, harmonizer, initiator-contributor, blocker, martyr, family scapegoat, family caretaker, family go-between, and family coordinator

Communication refers to

the process of exchanging feelings, desires, ideas, needs information, and opinions