medsurge chapt 7 & 8


what is the primary role of the family?


what does a nuclear family make up


�Traditional nuclear family


�Made up of biologic or adoptive parentsMother and father�and their children


extended family


Extended family �Relatives of either spouse who live with the nuclear family �More prevalent in the late 1800s and early to mid-1900s


Made up of stepparents and their children
�Most often a mother, her biologic children, and a stepfather; however, other variations exist


Blended family


Single-parent family


�Characterized by one head of the household, usually a mother or father �The parent may be widowed, divorced, separated, or never married


Nontraditional family


�Open marriages �Communal families �Cohabitating couples �Group marriages �Gay and lesbian families


Informal rolesFormal roles


�Not as apparent; usually meet the emotional needs of individuals or maintain the family�s equilibrium


�Encourager, harmonizer, initiator-contributor, blocker, martyr, family scapegoat, family caretaker, family go-between, and family coordinator


Communication refers to


the process of exchanging feelings, desires, ideas, needs information, and opinions