Memory is

an internal record or representation of some prior event or experience

Constructive process is

the organization and shaping of info during processing, storage, and retrevial of memories

Encoding is

the process of translating info into the neural language that will be retained in memory

Storage is

the process of retaining nueally coded info over time

the three steps in memory processing is

encoding, storage, retrieval

If you want to learn and remember info

organize stuff into catergories or patterns

Selective attention

directs our attention to things we concider important

selective attention

improves encoding

divided attention

interferes with encoding

keyboard, moniter, hard drive

encoding, retrieval, storage

Difference between memory processes and computer memory processes is

human process occur simultaneously wheras computer processes occur sequentially

Our brain performs multiple parallel operations at one times is called

parallel distributed processing, connectionist model of memory

the computer analogue

approach suggests that memory results from connections among multiple simultaneous networks.

Our need to process info rapidly for survival purposes is mostly supported by the

parallel distributed processing approach to memory

The three stage memory model

sensory, short term, long lerm

sensory memory

info lasts for a few seconds or less large but now unlimited storage capacity. 1/2 second to 4 seconds

echoic memory

is why you can recall what someone said several months ago, even if you were absorved in another tast when they first said it.

Short term

stores sensory info while deciding whether to send to it ltm. can hold for 30 seconds

maintenance rehearsal

is the process of repeating info over and over to maintain it in the stm.

chunking is

the process of grouping separate peices of info into a single unit to store more info

stm recieves info from

sensory and long term memory

long term memory

stores info for long periods of time.greatest capacity and longest duration

baddeles working memory

visuspatial sketchpadphonological rehearsal loopcentral executive

The phonological rehearsal loop is

holds and manipulates verbal information

two major systems of long term memory are

explicit and implicit

the general knowledge youve learned so far is

semantic memory

knowlede of facts and the relationships between them is called

sematic memory

knowledge of events is called

episodic memory


emotional memory


creation and storage of the basic memory trace.

cerebral cotex

encodes memories and storage of skill learning and working memory


memory recognition


formation of new memories.