Memory


Memory is


an internal record or representation of some prior event or experience


Constructive process is


the organization and shaping of info during processing, storage, and retrevial of memories


Encoding is


the process of translating info into the neural language that will be retained in memory


Storage is


the process of retaining nueally coded info over time


the three steps in memory processing is


encoding, storage, retrieval


If you want to learn and remember info


organize stuff into catergories or patterns


Selective attention


directs our attention to things we concider important


selective attention


improves encoding


divided attention


interferes with encoding


keyboard, moniter, hard drive


encoding, retrieval, storage


Difference between memory processes and computer memory processes is


human process occur simultaneously wheras computer processes occur sequentially


Our brain performs multiple parallel operations at one times is called


parallel distributed processing, connectionist model of memory


the computer analogue


approach suggests that memory results from connections among multiple simultaneous networks.


Our need to process info rapidly for survival purposes is mostly supported by the


parallel distributed processing approach to memory


The three stage memory model


sensory, short term, long lerm


sensory memory


info lasts for a few seconds or less large but now unlimited storage capacity. 1/2 second to 4 seconds


echoic memory


is why you can recall what someone said several months ago, even if you were absorved in another tast when they first said it.


Short term


stores sensory info while deciding whether to send to it ltm. can hold for 30 seconds


maintenance rehearsal


is the process of repeating info over and over to maintain it in the stm.


chunking is


the process of grouping separate peices of info into a single unit to store more info


stm recieves info from


sensory and long term memory


long term memory


stores info for long periods of time.greatest capacity and longest duration


baddeles working memory


visuspatial sketchpadphonological rehearsal loopcentral executive


The phonological rehearsal loop is


holds and manipulates verbal information


two major systems of long term memory are


explicit and implicit


the general knowledge youve learned so far is


semantic memory


knowlede of facts and the relationships between them is called


sematic memory


knowledge of events is called


episodic memory


amygdala


emotional memory


cerebellum


creation and storage of the basic memory trace.


cerebral cotex


encodes memories and storage of skill learning and working memory


hippocampal


memory recognition


thalamus


formation of new memories.