BPS Chapter 19

the bodily activity of the speaker and the meaning the audience assigns to this activity

Body language

a technique for creating eye contact with audiences; the speaker moves his or her gaze across an audience from one listener to another and from one section to another, pausing to gaze briefly at each individual


a speaker who remains static, standing stiffly behind a podium, and so resembles a televised shot of a speaker's head and shoulders

Talking Head

acts that create the perception of psychological closeness between the speaker and the audience members

Nonverbal Immediacy