BPS Chapter 18

the relative loudness of a speaker's voice when giving a speech


a microphone taht attaches to a lapel or a collar

Lavaliere Microphone

the range of sounds from high to low (or vice versa) determined by the nuber of vibrations per unit of time; the more vibrations per unit (also called frequency), the higher the pitch, and vice versa


the pace at which a speech is delivered. The typical public speech occurs at a rate slightly less than 120 words per minute

Speaking Rate

strategic elements of a speech used to enhance meaning by providing a type of punctuation, emphasizing a point, drawing attention to a key point, or just alowing listeners a moment to contemplate what is being said


unnecessary and undesirable sounds or words used by a speaker to cover pauses in a speech or converstaion. Examples include "uh," "hmm," "you know," "I mean," and "it's like"

Vocal Fillers

the variation of volume, pitch, rate, and pauses to create an effective delivery

Vocal Variety

the correct formation of word sounds


the clarity of forcefulness with which sounds are made, regardless of whether they are pronounced correctly


slurring words together at low volume and pitch so they are barely audible


a poor speech habit in which the speaker fails to properly articulate words

Lazy Speech