BPS Chapter 16


specialized terminology developed within a given endeavor or field of study


Jargon


a figure of speech used to compare one thing with another by using the words "like" or "as" (e.g. He works like a dog)


Simile


a figure of speech used to make implicit comparisons without the use of "like" or "as" (e.g. "Love is a rose")


Metaphor


an extended metaphor or simile that compares an unfamiliar concept or process with a more familiar one in order to help the listener understand the one that is unfamiliar


Analogy


an informal expression characterized by regional variations of speech


Colloquial Expression


a rehtorical device in which the speaker repeats a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences


Anaphora


the arrangement fo words, phrases, or sentences in similar grammatical and stylistic form. Parallel structures can help the speaker emphasize important ideas in the speech.


Parallelism


a rhetorical device in which two ideas are set off in balanced (parallel) opposition to each other


Antithesis


any language that relies on unfounded assumptions, negative descriptions, or stereotypes of a give group's age, class, gender, disability, and geographic, ethnic, racial, or religious characteristics


Biased Language