BPS Chapter 13


a pattern of organizing speech points in a natrual sequential order; used when describing a series of events in time or when the topic develops in line with a set pattern of actions or tasks


Chronological Pattern of Arrangement


a pattern of organizing main points in order of their physical proximity or direction relative to each other; used when the purpose of a speech is to describe or explain the physical arrangement of a place, a scene, or an object


Spatial Patern of Arrangement


a pattern of organizing speech points in order of causes and then in order of effects, or vice versa


Casual (Cause-Effect) Pattern of Arrangement


a pattern of organizing speech points so that they demonstrate the nature and significance of a problem first, and then provide justification for a proposed solution


Problem-Solution Pattern of Arrangement


a pattern of organizing main points as subtopics or categories of the speech topic


Topial Pattern of Arrangement


a pattern of organizing speech points so that the speech unfolds as a story with characters, plot, and setting. In practice, this pattern often is combined with other organizational patterns


Narrative Organizational Pattern


a pattern of organizing speech points so that one idea leads to another, which leads to a third, and so forth, until the speaker arrives back at the speech thesis


Circle Pattern of Arrangement