Chapter 3/4


an explanation.

cultural ecology

the analysis of the relationship between a culture and its enviornment


a desccription of a society's customary behaviors and ideas

participant observation

living amon the people being studied. obseving and questioning people

within culture comparisons

testing a theory wthin a sociey if they decide to compare individuals, families, households, communities or districts.

regional controlled comparisons

the anthropologist compares ethrographic info obtained from societies found in a particular reason.

cross culture research

look for the differences between those societies having and those lacking a particular charactaristic. to test explanations


horticulures.have pigs to clean up. but where there is too many of them, they kill them all and have a pig feast

political economy

assumes that external forces explain the way a society changes and adapts.

clifford girtz

culture is like text that can be analyzed for meaning while the ethnographer interprits it. a ethnographer is a kind of selective intercultural translator.

2 kinds of explanations

association of relationships and theories


shows that a theory seems to be wrong.main way theories are judged.


the borrowing by one society of a cultural trait beloning to another society as the result of contact between two societies.