Chapter 3/4


Theory


an explanation.


cultural ecology


the analysis of the relationship between a culture and its enviornment


ethnography


a desccription of a society's customary behaviors and ideas


participant observation


living amon the people being studied. obseving and questioning people


within culture comparisons


testing a theory wthin a sociey if they decide to compare individuals, families, households, communities or districts.


regional controlled comparisons


the anthropologist compares ethrographic info obtained from societies found in a particular reason.


cross culture research


look for the differences between those societies having and those lacking a particular charactaristic. to test explanations


tsembaga


horticulures.have pigs to clean up. but where there is too many of them, they kill them all and have a pig feast


political economy


assumes that external forces explain the way a society changes and adapts.


clifford girtz


culture is like text that can be analyzed for meaning while the ethnographer interprits it. a ethnographer is a kind of selective intercultural translator.


2 kinds of explanations


association of relationships and theories


falsification


shows that a theory seems to be wrong.main way theories are judged.


diffusion


the borrowing by one society of a cultural trait beloning to another society as the result of contact between two societies.