Chapter 5

The function in which language plays

it is useful for sharing and passing our culture along.

Nonhuman communication

Sound, oder, and body movement

Open system

governed by a complex rules about how sounds can mean something.

closed system

different calls are not combined to produce new meaningful utteraances


the study of sound. ( not words )


study of words


study of sentences and paragraphs


s makes it plural. ed makes it in the past


a solid single word

code switching

using more than one language in the course of conversing. ie spanglish

linguistic divergence

Those who lived together, split up each with a changed culture