child psyc test1


what are 3 major development theories?


psychoanlyticbehaviorismemergent theory


Psychoanalytic?


proposes that irrational thoughts unconcsious drives and motives originate in childhood and underlie in human behavior


Freud


(psycosexual)beleives at each stage sensual satisfactaion is linked to magor developmental needs


Erickson


follower of freudbelieved psycosocialhad 8 developmental changeseach identifies a particular challenge or crisis


behaviorism?


studies human behavior also known as learing thoerythis theory directly opppeses that of psycoanalytic thoery


watson


argues that psyc is a science and needs to observe and measure behavior


3 types of learning


classicaloperantsocial learning


classical


through association with neutral stimulus becomes conditioned


operant


thourough reinfrocement,week or raer responses become strong, frequent responese


social learning


through modeling, observed behaviors become copied behaviors


Emergent theories


socialculture theory holds that development results from interactions between each person and culture focus

vygotes felt learning occured through social interactions

epicgentic development invloves genetic origins of bahaviors and influence of the enviroment over time


cognitive theory


focuses on the chnage in how people think over timeour thought shape our attitude beliefs and behaviorsjean piaget felt that cognitive development occurs in major periods


preoperational


children think magically and poetically using language to understand the world thinking is egocentric causing childre to perceive the world from thier own perspective