Procedures and Diseases


abdominal perineal resection


an operation in which the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon are removed


adenoidectomy


excision of the adenoids


amniocentesis


puncturing the amniotic sac, usually by needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid for assessment of fetus


amutation


removal of a limb, body part or organ


anastomosis


the surgical or pathological connection of two tubular structures


abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy


a surgical procedure performed to repair a weak area in the aorta


atherosclerosis


the most common form of arteriosclerosis, marked by cholesterol-lipid-calcium deposits in the walls of arteries that may restrict blood flow


arthrolasty


surgery to reshape, reconstruct, or replace a diseased or damaged joint


arthroscopy


direct joint visualization by means of an arthroscope, usually to remove, repair, or replace tissue, such as cartilage fragments or torn ligaments


arthrotomy


cutting into a joint


aspiration biopsy


the removal of tissue with a needle and syringe, for example, from a cyst or bone marrow


benign prostatic hyperplasia


a nonmalignant enlargement of the prostrate gland caused by excessive growth of prostatic nodules


benign prostatic hyertrophy


same as benign prostatic hyperplasia


biopsy


a tissue sample removed from the body for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis


bronchoscopy


visualization of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi through a flexible scope


blunt dissection


in surgical procedures, separation of tissues by use of blunt instrument (provides minimal damage to the part being dissected)


caesarean section


the delivery of a baby through a cut (incision) in the mother's belly


cauterization


destruction of tissue with a caustic, electric current, hot iron, or by freezing


chest physiotherapy


the term for a group treatments designed to improve respiratory efficiency, promote expansion of the lungs, strengthen respiratory muscles, and eliminate secretions from the respiratory system


cholangitis


a chronic liver disease of unknown origin marked by inflammation and obliteration of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts


cholecystectomy


removal of the gallbladder by laparoscopic or abdominal surgery


colonoscopy


visualization of the lower gastrointestinal tract; most often refers to insertion of a flexible endoscope through the anus to inspect the entire colon and terminal ileum


colporrhaphy


suture of the vagina


craniotomy


incision involving the skull


cystocele


a bladder hernia that protrudes into the vagina (can be caused during delivery) may cause urinary frequency, urgency, and dysuria


dilation and currettage


an out-patient surgical procedure that expands the cervical canal of the uterus (dilation) so that the surface lining of the uterine wall can be scraped or sampled (curettage)


diverticulitis


inflammation of a diverticulum or diverticula in the intestinal tract, esp. in the colon, causing pain, anorexia, fevers, and rarely intestinal perforation, hemorrhage, abscess formation, peritonitis, fistula formation or death


enucleation


removal of the entire eyeball after cutting the extraoccular muscles and optic nerve


excision


the act of cutting away or taking out


gastrectomy


the surgical removal of part or all of the stomach


hemorrhoidectomy


the excision or destruction of hemorrhoids by one of several techniques, including traditional surgery, cryosurgery, laser surgery, infared photocoagulation, latex band ligation and sclerotherapy


herniorrhapy


a surgical procedure for repair of a hernia


hyterectomy


surgical removal of the uterus


hysteropexy


surgical fixation of a displaced uterus


ileostomy


a surgical passage through the abdominal wall, through which a segment of ileum is exteriorized. (An end stoma or loop stoma may be created. Feces or urine drain into a pouch worn on the abdomen)


intubation


the insertion of a tube into any hollow organ


lobectomy


surgical removal of a lobe of any organ or gland


mastectomy


surgical removal of the breast


mastoidectomy


surgical excision of the mastoid sinuses used to treat mastoiditis when it has not responded to antibiotic therapy


myomectomy


removal of a portion of muscle or muscular tissue or removal of a myomatous tumor, generally uterine, usually by abdominal section, leaving the uterus in place


oophorectomy


excision of an ovary


nephrectomy


surgical removal of a kidney


neurogenic bladder


any dysfunction of the urinary bladder caused by lesions of the CNS or nerves supplying the bladder


orchidectomy


surgical excision of a testicle or the testicles (castration)


ostemalacia


a vitamin D deficiency in adults that results in a shortage or loss of calcium salts, causing bones to become increasingly soft, flexible, brittle, and deformed


pancreaticoduodenectomy


excision of the head of the pancreas and the adjacent portion of the duodenum


pilonidal cyst or sinus


a cyst most often in the sacrococcygeal region, usually at the upper end of the intergluteal cleft


pneumoarthrograms


radiography of a synovial joint after injection of a radiolucent contrast medium, usually air


pneumonectomy


excision of all or part of a lung


prostatectomy


excision of part or all of the prostate gland


rectocele


protrusion or herniation of the posterior vaginal wall with the anterior wall of the rectum through the vagina


rectovaginal fistula


an abnormal connection between the lower portion of the large intestine (rectum) and vagina. (contents of the bowel can leak from the fistula, meaning gas or stool may pas thru the vagina)


retroperitoneal lymph node disssection (RPLND)


surgery often used to treat testicular cancer, it is done to remove lymph nodes that may be cancerous from the lower back and pelvis


salingectomy


surgical removal of a fallopian tube


salpingo-oophorectomy


excision of an ovary and a fallopian tube


salingoplasty


plastic surgery of a fallopian tube; used in treating female infertility


thoracoplasty


a plastic operation on the thorax; removal of portions of the ribs in stages to collapses diseased areas of the lungs


total hysterectomy


complete surgical removal of the uterus and cervix


tracheotomy


incision into the trachea through the skin and soft tissues of the neck


tracheostomy


the surgical opening of the trachea to provide and secure an open airway, may be preformed in emergency situations, or electively to replace a temp. airway provided by an endotracheal tube


urolithiasis


formation of kidney stones