Surgical Terms

anesthesia

substance used to render a patient insensitive to pain

an-
esthesi/o

not
feeling / sensation

anesthetize

render a patient insensitive to pain

an-
esthesi/o

not
feeling / sensation

bandage

material used to cover dressing, to protect the dressing and hold it
in place

biopsy

procedure to remove tissue for diagnosis and / or treatment

bi/o
-opsy

life
process of viewing

cyberknife

combination of MRI and CT imaging technology that uses precisely
aimed radiation to treat cancers

drain

device the establishes a channel for drainage of fluid or material
from a cavity, wound or infected area

drainage

material that exits a wound, cavity or infected area

dressing

material used to cover a wound, protect it and enhance healing

excise

remove by cutting

ex-
-cision

out
to cut

forceps

instrument with two blades, used for holding or grasping tissues,
supplies or other instruments

hemostat

small surgical instrument used for clamping blood vessels

hem/o
-stat

blood
stand

incision

surgical wound produced by cutting

#NAME?

into
cut

intubation

insertion of a tube into the nose or mouth to provide for artificial
breathing with the aid of a ventilator

#NAME?

into
tube
process of

laparoscope

endoscope used to examine the abdomen that frequently includes
capabilities of grasping and cutting, used for performing surgery of
the gallbladder appendix, uterus and others

lapar/a
-scope

abdominal walls
instrument to view

reduction

correction of a fracture, realignment of bone fragments

re-
duct/o
-tion

back
to carry / carrying
process of

resection

to surgically remove

re-
sect/o
-tion

back
cut
process of

retractor

instrument used to separate or hold tissues apart during surgery

re-
tract/o
-tion

back
pull / pulling
process of

scalpel

cutting instrument, usually consisting of a blade and a handle

sponge

porous, absorbent material used to soak up fluids during surgery

suction

aspiration of gas or fluid by mechanical means