Final

Anatomical features that change during illness are studied in _____ anatomy

pathological

Cardiovascular function is an example of:

Systemic Physiology

What is the correct order from the most complex to the simplest?

Organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular

Many medical terms are rooted in:

Greek or Latin

The quadrants of the abdominalpelvic region include all of the
following except:

Pelvic quadrant

An anatomical term that means the same as ventral is:

Anterior

The wrist is ____ to the elbow.

Distal

The chin is ____ to the nose.

inferior

Which plane divides the body into right and left parts?

Sagittal

A person laying face down is in the ____ position.

prone

The diaphragm muscle separates the _____ from the _____.

Thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic cavity

The right pleura cavity contains:

The right lung

Anatomy is to ____ as physiology is to _____.

structure; function

The analysis of the internal structure of individual cells is called:

Cytology

The study of the first two months of development is termed:

embroyology

Identify the branch of biological science that studies the external
and internal structure of the body and physical relationship among
body parts.

Anatomy

Which organ system provides support, protection of soft tissue,
mineral storage, and blood formation?

Skeletal

The kidneys and ureters are organs of the _____ system

urinary

A chemical imbalance in the body can cause the heart to stop pumping
blood, which in turn will cause other tissues and organs to cease
functioning. This observation supports the view that:

all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent.

Systemic physiology is:

the study of all aspects of the functioning of specific organ systems.

What is not considered an abdominopelvic region?

Upper

The plane that separates the abdominal and pelvic cavities is:

transverse at the hips

A person lying on the bed and gazing at the ceiling is in the _____ position.

supine

The abdominopelvic region that is immediately superior to the
hypogastric region is the:

umbilical region

The study of the liver is to gross anatomy as the study of liver cell
is to:

cytology

_____ may be scattered in the cytoplasm or bound to endoplasmic reticulum.

Ribosomes

When activated, lysosomes function in:

digestion of materials

The ____ of a cell membrane indicates how easy it is for substances
to cross.

permeability

Different cell types in the body:

have the same genes, but different sets of genes are inactivated.

____ support, protect, and nourish nerve cells.

neuroglia

The muscle found in the walls of most hollow organs of the body is:

smooth muscle

Interrelated discs and pacemaker cells are characteristic of ____ tissue.

cardiac muscle

The most common type of cartilage is ____ cartilage.

Hyaline

The watery fluid component of blood is called:

plasma

Glands that secrete hormones into the interstitial fluid are _____ glands.

endocrine

An example of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium would be:

exposed skin

Cells that are flat and thin are classified as:

squamous

What statement about tissues is correct?

An organ combines several different tissues.

The study of tissues is called:

histology

Where is the tissue level of organization?

Between cells and organs

The process by which cells become specialized is called:

differentiation

Cancer cells:

may exhibit metastasis

During growth, a tissue increases in size by:

increasing its rate of cell division

Endocytosis is a:

method for transporting substances into the cells

Facilitated diffusion differs from ordinary diffusion in that:

the rate of facilitated diffusion is limited by the number of
available carrier proteins.

Most off the ATP required to power cellular operations is produced in the:

mitochondria

The majority of cancers are caused by:

chemical exposure or other environmental factors

Tissue changes with age include all of the following except:

proliferation of epidermal cells

Unlike cartilage, bone____

undergoes remodeling throughout life.

Tendons and ligaments attach to the ______ of the bone.

Periosteum

All of the following contain blood vessels except:

epidermis

While assessing a patient, you discover that after pinching the skin
on the back of the hand, it remains peaked. This is a sign of:

dehydration

The pigment found in vegetables that can make the skin appear orange
or yellow is called:

carotene

Which of the following is formed in the skin when it is exposed to sunlight?

Vitamin D

The most dangerous type of skin cancer is called:

melanoma

When the arrector pili muscles contract,

goose bumps" are formed

Earwax is produced by______ glands.

ceruminous

What happens if the body temperature rises above normal?

Blood flow to the skin increases

What gland has a compound rather than a simple structure.

salivary glands

The smallest living unit within the human body is:

a cell

Cytology is the study of:

the structure and function of cells