unit one FCNC growth and development day 2


Toddler
Erikson: _____________ vs _________
and ____________


Autonomy..
Shame and Doubt

toddler
Piaget: ______________________ (____-_____ months)
and _______-___________________ (______________
thinking stage) (____-____ years)


Sensorimotor..12-24..Pre-operational..concrete..2..4

Play During Toddlerhood
-play type is ____________

parallel

Limit total media time to ___-hour or ______ per day with
quality programming
-triggers ______________ in brain which causes _____________ to devices

1..less..dopamine ..addiction


15 months
Gross Motor
-________ w/o help (since ____ months)
-loses _________ throwing ______
-_________ often, _________ clumsily (will sustain __________ and
___________ because of this)

walks..13
balance..ball
falls..runs..bruises..scrapes


15 months
Fine Motor/Sensory
-_____________ spontaneously
-uses _______ well; __________ spoon
________ well out of _______

scribbles
cup..rotates
Drinks..cup


15 months
-interest in __________

pictures


15 months
Language
-_________ head �_____�

shakes..no


15 months
Socialization
-tolerates some ________________ from parents

separation


15 months
-may discard _________
Discards all _________ but ____________ _________ Do
not want them to go to _______ with bottle Give them a
_________ _________ _________ and brush their teeth but ________ it
_________ before they go to sleep

bottle
bottle..bedtime bottle
bed
night time bottle..take..away


15 months
-expresses _____________ (begins ______________)
Trying to __________ their environment so they start throwing
___________

emotions..tantrums
control..tantrums


18 months
Physical
-______________ growth needs/physiological _____________
They aren�t needing as many ___________ and they also are
___________ around more

decreased..anorexia
calories..moving


18 months

-____________ fontanel closed


anterior


18 months
-______________ control (___________ training)
Between ____-____ months the child is ready to be _________
trained ______________ control has to be present for
____________ training to be possible

Sphincter..potty
18-24..potty
Sphincter..potty


18 months
Gross Motor
-________ and ___________ toys
Trying to improve ______________ so ________/________ toys are
effective
-___________ in place with _________ feet

pulls..pushes
musculature..push/pull
jumps..both


18 months
Fine Motor/Sensory
-draws a _________ imatively
if you draw a ________ they�ll try to draw a ________, if you
draw a _________ they�ll try to draw a ___________, etc.

stroke
line..line...circle..circle


18 months
-manages __________ without _____________

spoon..rotation


18 months
Language
-communication expands to _______________- of _______ and ___________
-__________ common objects and ___-___ body parts

combinations..words..gestures
points..2-3


18 months
Socialization
-____________ mimicry
Typically connect with the __________ of the same
________

domestic
parent..sex


18 months
-____________ ______________ more evident

temper tantrums


18 months
-______________ _________ clothes/____________
This is helpful since you�re_________ ___________ them at this
age

undresses simple..unzips
potty training


18 months
-________________ object ______________

transitional...dependency


Toilet Training Readiness
Physical Readiness
-_______________ control of ________ and ______________ sphincters,
usually by ____-____ months
-ability to stay _______ for _____ hours; ______________ number of
________ diapers; waking _______ from naps
-regular ___________ movements
-Gross motor skills, __________, _____________, and ______________
-fine motor skills to remove _____________

voluntary..anal..urethral ..24-30
dry..2..decreased..wet..dry
bowel
sitting, walking, squatting
clothing


Toilet Training Readiness
Mental Readiness
-recognizing urge to _____________ or ____________
-_____________ or ______________ communication skills indicate when
_______ or has urge to ______________ or _____________
-cognitive skills to imitate appropriate ______________ and follow ______________

defecate..urinate
verbal..nonverbal..wet..defecate or urinate
behavior..directions


Toilet Training Readiness
Psychologic Readiness
-expressing willingness to please __________
-ability to sit on toilet for __-____ mins without ____________ or
__________ _______
-curiosity about adults� or older siblings� _________ habits (wants
to _________ them)
-impatience with _________ or ________ diapers, desire to be changed _____________

parent
5-8..fussing..getting off
toilet..copy
soiled..wet..immediately


Toilet Training Readiness
Parental Readiness
-recognizing child�s level of _______________
-willingness to invest __________ required for toilet training
-absence of family __________ or ____________ such as divorce,
moving, new sibling, or imminent vacation

readiness
time
stress..change


Toilet Training Method:
Practice sessions ___-____ minutes
-limit this bc they have a very limited ______________ span
_______ with child Practice ___________ habits
-________ their hands
Praise for _____________ behavior/____________
�_________ off� clothing

5-8
attention
Stay
sanitary
wash
cooperative..success
easy


Toilet Training
Will obtain __________ control before ____________
control _________ time control before __________ time
control
-may have _________ time control but still have __________ time accidents

bowel..bladder
Day..night
day..night


24 months
Physical
-_________ circumference exceeds _________ circumference
-_________ chest diameter exceeds ____ chest
-adult ht approx. ____ ht at 2 yrs
-possible ___________ toilet training readiness for
__________/___________ (age will vary from child to child)

chest..head
lateral..AP
2X
daytime..bowel..bladder


24 months
Gross Motor
-more ______________

balanced


24 months
Fine Motor/Sensory
-________ door knob, ____________ lid
-builds ________ ___-___ cubes (without it _____________)

turns..unscrews
tower..4-5..collapsing


24 months
Language
-refers to self by _________

name


24 months
Socialization
-_____________ play
Will not _________ their toys, will just play in the
_________- space as other children
-___________ self in ___________ clothes

parallel
share..same
dresses.. simple


30 months
Physical
-birth wt. ____________
-__________ dentition (_____ teeth) (maximum teeth they�ll get)

quadrupled
primary..20


30 months
Language
-refers to self w/ _____________
-names one _________

pronoun
color


30 months
Socialization
-notices ____________ difference
-may be nearly _____________ with _________ ________ by now except
for _____________ themselves

gender
independent..potty training..cleaning