Body Positions - examination or surgery

supine position

patient lies on his back with his knees straight an arms at his sides

prone position

patient lies on his stomach with his knees straight and forearms can
be at his sides or under his head

dorsal recumbent

patient lies on his back with knees bent and feet flat on the
examination table, arms at his sides

lithotomy

patient lies on his back with his knees bent, thighs apart (abducted)
and feet raised, resting in stirrups

knee-chest position

patient's head, chest and knees are flat against the examining table,
knees are bent and weight is resting primarily on the knees and chest

sims'
left lateral

patient lies on the left side, with left arm behind the back, left
knee is slightly bent and right knee is flexed rather sharply

trendelenburg

patient lies supine at an angle with the head lower than the trunk,
knees bent and feet below the level of the knees

modified trendelenburg

patient lies supine with the head lower than the trunk and the knees straight

sitting

patient sits on the examining table with knees bent, feet are often
supported on a footrest

fowler's

patient sits with legs extended and the trunk at a 90 degree angle,
the back is supported and sometimes the knees are elevated