Positional Terms of the Human Body

anatomical position

person standing, facing forward, arms at his sides with palms facing
forward, legs straight and feet flat on the floor, toes pointing forwards

superior
cranial
cepahlic

toward the head or upper portion of the body
upward

inferior
caudal

toward the feet or lower portion of the body
downward

anterior
ventral

toward the front of the body (ventral is frequently used in
veterinary anatomy to indicate the underside of the animal)
front

posterior
dorsal

toward the back (dorsal is frequently used in veterinary anatomy to
indicate the top of the animal)
back

medial

toward the middle or center of the body or body part
middle

lateral

on or closer to the side
side

proximal

nearer the point where a limb attaches to the body (toward the point
of movement)
near

distal

farther from the point where a limb attaches to the body (away from
the point of movement)
far

bilateral

pertaining to both sides of the body or structure
to sides

unilateral

pertaining to only one side of the body or structure
one side

deep

away from the surface of the body

superficial

near the surface

parietal

the wall of a cavity

visceral

refers the the internal organs
organ