positioning devices Flashcards

Useful for patients at risk for plantar flexion contracture, foot
drop, hip rotation and decubitus heel ulcers. Large heel cavity helps
keep heel isolated and free from pressure. Optional ambulation sole
can be added

Podus Boot

Designed to comfortably protect as well as position in lying or sitting

Spenco Boot

Support for elbow and forearm, provides a space for an activity which
discourages pt from leaning forward or trying to stand up. It is not
considered a restraint.

Lap tray

Prevents lateral leaning, supports and protects arm and shoulder.
Good for hemiplegic pts and is especially needed by those who neglect
their affected side.

Arm trough for wheelchair

Promotes dorsiflexion/prevents plantarflexion. The stiffer the
material and the more coverage in the shape, the more rigidity and
support given to all motions of the ankle.


Helps prevents contracture and fingernail damage to palm in pts with
involuntary hand closure such as after a stroke.

Hand Cone

Provides support and limits movement to injured neck. Which person
had the more serious neck injury?

cervical collar

Insures hip abduction after THR and supports abduction for rolling
onto unoperated side for hygiene, changing bed linens, and
positioning. Great for pts who cannot be relied upon to comply with
posterolateral precautions.

Hip Abduction bolster

Insures hip abduction for sitting such as after THR. Great for pts
who cannot be relied upon to comply with precautions. Some pts with
excess muscle tone (spasticity) in their hip adductors may benefit
from an abducted position as well.

Knee separator

Immobilizes and protects the toes. Some have a rocker bottom which
helps with a more normal gait.

post op shoe

Used to immobilize and protect the spine after injury or surgery and
in the treatment of scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine):

TLSO: Thoracolumbosacral orthosis.

Limits lumbar motion to some degree and is said to reduce pain after injury.

Lumbar support

Reduces shear forces and pressure on heel and elbows ( calcaneus,
olecranon, and epicondyles)

Heel and elbow protector

Supports the humerus and protect the affected UE for a patient with
hemiplegia. It could be used for other UE problems as well.


The top one affords more stabilization and could be used after a
sprain. The lower one provides a good functional position for carpal
tunnel syndrome.

Wrist splint