GGY Chapter 7 Flashcards

Language

A system of communication through speech4

Literacy Tradition

System of written communication

Branch

A large fundamental divison with a religion

Denomination

A division of a branch that unities congregations into a single
administrative body

Language family

A collection of languages related through their prehistoric

Language Branch

A collection of languages within a family that possesses a definite
common origin, but split into individual languages

Language group

A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin
in the relatively recent past

Language super families

A handful of large language families that today's language language
families descend from

Most widely spoken branches of Indo-Eurpoean are?

Indo-Iranian, Germanic, Romance, and Balto-salvic

Dialect

Regional variation of a language distinguished by a distinctive
vocabulary, spelling pronunciation

Lingua Franca

A language of international communication, such as English or French

Creolized Language

The mixing of the colonizers language with the indigenous language of
the people being dominated

Isolated Language

Language unrelated to any other

Religare

To fasten loose parts into a concrete whole

Animism

Inanimate objects posses spirit or souls

Ethnic

Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Daoism, and Shintoism

Judaism

Monotheistic, reaction diffusion, founded by Abraham

Hinduism

India's national faith

Karma

Ones action and conduct during successive existence tat determines
ones density

Dharma

One roles with the universe ultimate last of all things

Confucianism

Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings
of the Chinese philosopher.

Daoism (Taoism)

Translated as the "path" or "way" Focuses on
nature, the relationship between humanity

Shinto

Indigenous only at Japan

Universalizing Religion

Overall aim is to convert new members. Christianity, Islamic, Buddhism

Sect

Relatively small group that has broken form an established denomination

Christianity

3 branches, Hierarchical Diffusion,

Eastern Orthodox

Dominated by greek world from Constantinople, churches separate by nationality

Roman Catholic

Church remained unified, accounts for roughly 1.3 billion adherents

Protestant Church

Originated with the protestant reformation, but separated from them
in 1400s-1500s

Islam

Founded by Mohammed. follows the writings of the Koran; Expansion diffusion

Sunni

Anyone can lead, largest branch in most muslim countries

Shite

Ali is the leader

Buddhism

400 million adherents, originated in Nepal. 4 noble truths

Theravada

The way of the elders, emphasis on buddha's teaching, self-help and meditation

Mahayana

Emphasis on Buddha's teaching, compassion, and helping other