Gerontology Final Exam Flashcards

Those who think they have no time for exercise...

will eventually have to make time for illness


the physical, mental, sociological study of aging. It includes the
study of changes in adults as they age, aging population, and the ways
we apply this information to programs, policies, and the lives of
older adults.


a clinical outlook and treatment of older people and diseases that
affect them.

4 Processes of Aging

1) Chronological Aging
2) Biological Aging
3) Psychological Aging
4) Social Aging

Chronological Aging

Aging through time.

Biological Aging

Changes in the body as you age.

Psychological Aging

Changes in the mind as you age.

Social Aging

Changes in social aspects of life as you age.


65 - 74


75 - 84


85 - 99
*Fastest growing age group



Age Cohort

a group of people that are grouped according to their age/ people who
lived during a particular time.

Baby Boomers

Birth years of 1946-1964 are the most affluent
consumer group ever 1/2 are fit/active/healthy 1/2 are
lazy/unfit/wealthy The millennials have surpassed the baby
boomers in numbers, but will die younger than the baby boomers. This
is due to constant tie to technology, and unactive lifestyle.


the study of population facts - looks at the characteristics of people.
3 Characteristics - Birth, Death, and Migration

Life Expectancy

the average length of life for an individual.

Life Span

the maximum number of years that an individual can live.
Estimate - 85


Prejudice and discrimination against the elderly. Ex- complaining
about older drivers

Skipped Generation Household

happened due to economic necessity the parents (middle
generation) have to work so the grandparents assume care of

Sandwich Generation

the grandparents move in and assume care of grandchildren, due
to parents having to work so much to support their family and their
parents too.

Graying of America

We have a lot of older folks in this country now - 65+ years old.
They are predominantly living in the northeast and west.

Activity Theory

the best way to approach older age is by being active.

Disengagement Theory

older people should withdraw from society.

Modernization Theory

believe older people should live in cities, everything is close no
need for a car or family all the time.

Genetics Theory

your living can have genetic factors.

Exchange Theory

you exchange your youth for now being older.

Wear & Tear Theory

If you don't use it, you'll lose it" the inactivity of it
can cause it to deteriorate faster.

Social Networking

interacting with those that are close to you.


someone you know you can trust, this person is very often placed as
power of attorney.

Living will

a legal document stating your wishes to not live off of machines for
a long period of time or a DNR


assets or things you have acquired that you deem worthy and who you
are leaving them too.
*In the state of Tennessee you don't legally have to read the will
of a deceased loved one.

Power of Attorney

The person you deem legally responsible for making decisions for you
when you cannot any longer.


the state of being senile.

Pure Isolates

isolation to a point of medical illness usually in suicide.

The Lifelong Isolated

people who have tried in society but failed. They may end up being
hospitalized and have a higher rate of depression and emotional disturbance.


made it in society but are never going to get anywhere.

Chronic Blamer Isolates

mostly single and divorced trying in society, but they blame everyone
else for where they are at in life.

Late Isolates

people over the age of 80; mostly women, widows, or without children.
They cut themselves off from society.