Chapter 24 Flashcards

Person's self reliance, independence, liberty,rights, privacy,
invidual choice, freedom of the will and self contained ability to decide


Doing of good; active promotion of goodness, kindness and charity


Care for; anemotional commitment to and a willingness to act on
behalf of a person with whom a caring relationship exists


Articulated statement of role morality as seen by the members of a profession

Code of Ethics

Belief that health-related information about individual patients
should not be revealed to others; maintenance of privacy


Belief that worth of actions is determined by their ends or
consequences; actions are right or wrong according to the balance of
their good and bad consequences


Obligations placed on individuals, groups, and institutions by reason
of the so called moral bond of our independence with others


Situations requiring moral judgement between 2 or more equally
problem fraught alternatives.

Ethical Dilemmas

Gross violation of commonly held standards of decency or human rights.

Ethical Outrage

Bodies of systematically related moral principles used to resolve
ethical dilemmas

Ethical Theories

Systematic study of rightness and wrongness of human conduct and
character as known by natural reason


Ethical reflections that emphasize an intimate personal relationship
value system that includes such virtues as sympathy, compassion,
fidelity, discernment and love

Ethics of Care

Strict observance of promises or duties; loyalty and faithfulness to others


Equitable, fair, or just conduct dealing with others


Regulations established by government and applicable to people within
a certain political division


Basis for rights based ethical theory; each indiviual is protected
and allowed to persue personal projects.

Liberal Individualism

General, universal guides to action that are derived from so-called
basic moral truths that should be respected unless a morally
compelling reason exists not to do so (ethical principles)

Moral Principles

Rights of individuals or groups that exist seperately from
governmental or institutional guarantees ; usually asserted based on
moral principles or rules

Moral Rights

Statements of right conduct governing individual actions

Moral Rules

Generally accepted customs, principles, or habits of right living and
conduct in a society and the individual's practice in relation to these


Belief that actions themselves, rather than consequences, determine
the worth of actions; actions are right or wrong according to the
morality of the acts themselves.


Ethical principle that places high value on avoiding harm to others


Standards set by indidviduals or groups of individuals


Use of moral principles as a basis for defending a chosen path of
action in resolving an ethical dilemma

Principle Based ethics

Internal controls of a profession based on human values and moral principles

Professional Ethics

Justified claims an individual can make on another individual, group,
or society (divided into legal rights n moral rights)


ARRT's mandatory standards of minimally acceptable professional conduct.

Rules of Ethics

Ideals and customs of a society toward which members of a group have
an affective regard


Duty to tell the truth and avoid deception


Traits of character that are socially valued, such as courage.


Ethical theory that emphasizes the agents who perform actions and
make choices; character and virue form the framework of this ethical theory

Virtue based Ethics