Practice Quiz for O2, Perfusion, GI, GU

Which anticoagulants do not require blood testing to monitor blood levels? Select all that apply.1. Heparin2. Warfarin3. Apixaban4. Dabigatran5. Rivaroxaban

3. Apixaban4. Dabigatran5. Rivaroxaban

Which concept involves the movement of air in and out of the lungs through the act of breathing?1. Inhalation2. Ventilation3. Respiration4. Oxygenation

2. Ventilation

What is the most common cause of infectious pharyngitis?1. Streptococcal pyogenes2. Staphylococcus aureus3. Influenza virus4. Respiratory syncytial virus

1. Streptococcal pyogenes

Which are functions of the colon? Select all that apply.1. Lipid digestion2. Water absorption3. Protein absorption4. Vitamin absorption5. Facilitate stool passage

2. Water absorption4. Vitamin absorption5. Facilitate stool passage

Which factors can decrease cardiac tissue perfusion? Select all that apply.1. Pregnancy2. Hypovolemia3. Hyperlipidemia4. Substance abuse5. Birth control pills

3. Hyperlipidemia4. Substance abuse5. Birth control pills

How often should the nurse provide tracheostomy care?1. Every 8 hours2. Every 24 hours3. Every other day4. Every week

1. Every 8 hours

How long should the nurse auscultate each quadrant prior to documenting the absence of bowel sounds?1. 30 seconds2. 1 minute3. 2 minutes4. 3 minutes

4. 3 minutes

Which part of the ECG complex represents the SA node firing and conducting the impulse through the atria?1. P wave2. QRS complex3. T wave4. U wave

1. P wave

What is the term for the amount of blood that is filtered in a minute?1. Creatinine2. Ammonia3. Blood urea nitrogen4. Glomerular filtration rate

4. Glomerular filtration rate

Which conditions do beta blockers treat? Select all that apply.1. Angina2. Bradycardia3. Lower cholesterol levels4. Congestive heart failure5. Acute myocardial infarction

1. Angina4. Congestive heart failure5. Acute myocardial infarction

Which classification of medications removes excess fluid from body tissues?1. Diuretics2. Calcium channel blockers3. Positive inotropic agents4. Beta-adrenergic blockers

1. Diuretics

The nurse is reviewing the structures of the heart. Which part is the pericardium?1. Two thin-walled muscles that receive blood into the heart2. A sac of connective tissue that encases the heart3. Two thick-walled muscles that pump blood out of the heart4. The nerve tissue that acts as the pacemaker

2. A sac of connective tissue that encases the heart

Gas exchange that occurs in the alveoli-capillary membrane is referred to as what type of respiration?1. External2. Internal3. Hyperventilation4. Hypoventilation

1. External

Place the anatomical structures in the order in which blood is filtered.1. The kidneys contain nephrons, which perform filtration of blood and forms urine.2. Urine is carried from the kidneys to the bladder through the ureters.3. Urine from the ureters is stored in the bladder.4. The urinary meatus is the way in which urine leaves the body.

1. The kidneys contain nephrons, which perform filtration of blood and forms urine.2. Urine is carried from the kidneys to the bladder through the ureters.3. Urine from the ureters is stored in the bladder.4. The urinary meatus is the way in which urine leaves the body.

What anatomical feature makes women more prone to urinary tract infections than men?1. Increased width of the pelvic bones2. Proximity of the urethra to the vagina and anus3. Larger bladder4. Decreased length of the ureters

2. Proximity of the urethra to the vagina and anus

A client who had an ileostomy returns to the clinic and informs the nurse he or she is having difficulty with an odor coming from the ostomy bag. Which foods should the nurse instruct the client to avoid in order to decrease ostomy odor? Select all that apply.1. Beer2. Asparagus3. Chocolate4. Cucumbers5. Romaine lettuce

1. Beer2. Asparagus4. Cucumbers

What nursing intervention should be applied for a client with pneumonia of the right lower lobe?1. Place on left side and elevate the foot of the bed.2. Place on right side and elevate the head of the bed.3. Place in Trendelenburg position.4. Place in Fowler's position.

1. Place on left side and elevate the foot of the bed.

A nurse is teaching a client how to promote venous circulation. Which statements by the client indicates understanding of the teaching? Select all that apply.1. "I will keep my legs elevated when I am sitting in the recliner."2. "I will take a walk around the block in the morning and afternoon."3. "I will only be able to perform range-of-motion exercises once per week"4. "It's ok if I sit with my legs crossed in the car."5. "I will drink at least six 8-ounce glasses of water every day."6. "I will attend a smoking cessation class at the YMCA.

1. "I will keep my legs elevated when I am sitting in the recliner."2. "I will take a walk around the block in the morning and afternoon."5. "I will drink at least six 8-ounce glasses of water every day."6. "I will attend a smoking cessation class at the YMCA.

Which interventions should the nurse instruct the client to perform to decrease the incidence of urinary incontinence? Select all that apply.1. Limit caffeine intake to one cup of coffee a day.2. Limit the intake of fluids.3. Stop smoking.4. Lose weight.5. Increase the use of artificial sweeteners.

1. Limit caffeine intake to one cup of coffee a day.3. Stop smoking.4. Lose weight.

What would the nurse assess for in a client with stable angina? Select all that apply.1. Chest pain relieved by rest2. Chest pain unrelieved by medication3. Chest pain caused by cigarette smoking4. Chest pain that gets worse without relief5. Chest pain that leads to a myocardial infarction

1. Chest pain relieved by rest3. Chest pain caused by cigarette smoking