list the theoretical approaches to trauma informed care
attachment theory, circle of security, SI, neurosequential model, polyvagal theory, whole brain integration
What are the 4 styles of attachment theory?
secure, insecure-avoidant, insecure-ambivalent, insecure-disorganized
TIC Theory: parent attending to child's needs, beginning with a secure base and ending with safe haven
circle of security
TIC Theory: hierarchical pyramid of neurological functions ranging from brainstem, midbrain, limbic, & cortical; need to start at bottom of pyramid before implementing the higher level cognitive strategies
neurosequential model of therapeutics
List intervention ideas for TIC
safe spaces, calming tools, environmental mods, Tuos, social stories, consistency/expectations/social thinking, routines
What are the 4 primary settings of ADL performance?
home, school, community, work
When evaluating ADL performance, what should be considered?
precise limitations, their causes, capacity for change, and possible interventions
List some Assessment tools used for ADLs
AMPS, BDI, WeeFim, HELP, SFA, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales
What are possible outcomes for ADLs?
improved OP, adaptation, role competence, healthwellness, satisfaction, prevention, self-determination
Describe strategies that take a behavioral approach to teaching ADLs
chaining, cues/prompts, color coding, checklists, positioning, modifying sensory properties, picture sequences
What is the hierarchy of physical cues?
shadowing movements, using 2 fingers to guide, HOH
describe grading techniques that can be used to teach ADLs
gradually increasing responsibility, fading amount of assistance, reducing strength needed
Describe the CO-OP approach
verbal problem-solving approaches and cognitive strategies (talking and practicing)
A combination of skills, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors that enable a person to engage in goal-directed, self-regulated, autonomous behaviors
What is one skill required to promote independent community living?
How are burns classified?
how deep it is, what layers or structures have been damaged
A first-degree superficial burn damages what skin structures?
A superficial partial-thickness burn damages what skin structures?
epidermis, papillary dermis
A deep partial thickness and/or full thickness burn damages what skin structures?
epidermis, papillary dermis, reticular dermis
What are signs and symptoms of acute burns?
pain, pallor, lack of sensation, lack of pulse
the only acceptable PERMANENT coverage for a burn wound is what?
patient's own skin