Terminology & Abbreviation - Ch 5, 7, 12, 17, 19

cardiology

study of the heart

epimyocardium

the outer layer of heart muscle

cyanosis

condition of turning blue

neuropathy

disease of the nerves

Leukocytoblast

white cell that forms quickly

abbreviation for white blood count

WBC

pulmonology

study of the lungs

Erythrocytes

red blood cells

abbreviation for red blood cell

RBC

Osteoperosis

a condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily

tachycardia

fast heart rate

bradycardia

slow heart rate

orthopnea

ability to breathe only in an upright position

apnea

absence of breathing

dyspnea

difficult or labored breathing

sphygmomanometer

instrument to measure blood pressure

hypertension

high blood pressure

abbreviation for hypertension

HTN

abbreviation for high blood pressure

HBP

oxigenic

producing oxigen

intercostal

pertaining to between the ribs

hemostasis

control or stopping of bleeding

homeostasis

Maintaining a stable internal environment

histology

study of tissues

Macrophages

phagocytes that destroy bacteria, cancer cells, and other foreign matter

aseptic

without infection

thermometer

An instrument used to measure temperature

eupnea

normal breathing

physiology

The study of body function

enteric

pertaining to the small intestine

Aerobic

requires oxygen

anaerobic

Process that does not require oxygen

grandmal

Bad seizures; contact 911

microscope

An instrument that makes small objects look larger

stethoscope

to examine the chest

Posterior

toward the back

cutaneous

pertaining to the skin

hypothermia

abnormally low body temperature

hyperthermia

Abnormally high body temperature

pyrosis

condition of heat

inhalation

process of breathing in

exhalation

process of breathing out

hypopnea

shallow breathing

hyperpnea

excessive breathing

abbreviation for complete blood count

CBC

abbreviation for chief complaint

CC

abbreviation for vital sign

VS

abbreviation for every

q

abbreviation for every 4 hours

q4h

abbreviation for hour

hr or h

abbreviation for two times a day

BID

abbreviation for three times a day

TID

abbreviation for four times a day

QID

pathogenic

producing disease

epicardial

pertaining to outer layer of the heart