Psych Test 2

Opened the first Psych laboratory in Germany, conducted first psychological experiment

Wilhelm Wundt

Famous for "Little Albert" study on infant

John B. Watson

Developed the school of thought// functionalism

William James

A humanist who is known for hierarchy of needs

Abraham Maslow

One of the approaches// Brain and body chemistry influence thoughts and behaviors

Biological approach

Approach focuses only on how we learn observable responses


This approach focuses on our mental processes and how they affect our thoughts and behaviors

Cognitive Approach

Someone who studies FEELINGS. Effect persons personal growth and fulfillment

Humanistic Psychologist

Someone might analyze how anger facilitated the survival of our ancestors' genes

Evolutionary Psychologist

A type of study// One person is studied in depth to try and find universal principles

Case study

Studying people or animals in their naturally occurring environment without their awareness

Naturalistic observation

A questioning technique used to study a population's attitudes or behaviors


In order to fairly represent the population in a study;giving each person an equal opportunity of inclusion in the study

Random Sampling

Weakness of this study is that there is no control of variables, and single cases could be misleading

Case study

Measure of the extent to which one variable predicts another


Positive correlation

Up and up

Measure (stats) that helps us figure out how closely two things vary together, or how well one predicts the other

Correlation Coefficient

If we find that ACT scores strongly predict student performance their freshman year, what type of correlation is this?

Positive correlation

If you find that the more children watch tv, the least amount of activity they get; what type of correlation is this

Negative because one is going down and the other is going up

The group in the study that gets no manipulation

Control group

The variable that is being studied; may change in response to manipulation


Things that must be done when conducting an experiment to ensure it is ethical

Consent, Protect from harm and discomfort, maintain confidentiality, and debrief after the experiment

assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance, thus minimizing preexisting differences between the different groups

Random assignment

What is the number one strength of using an experiment as compared to the other methods of study

It shows cause and effect relationships


the scientific study of behavior and mental processes


a fake drug used in the testing of medication

hindsight bias

I knew it all along phenomenon; the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it

Bio psychosocial approach

an integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

operational definition

a statement of the procedures used to define research variables// specific statement of experiment