Study Guide US History I

The main obstacle the English settlers faced due to the location of their settlements is

the English settlements were inside the territory of the Indian settlements

While the War of 1812 ended in a stalemate, its lasting impact was

Development of American nationalism, International recognition of American independence, Establishment of peaceful US-British relations

The California Mission System

Sought to convert individuals to Christianity

Which of the following was not a cause of the War of 1812

Taxation of American businesses

Puritans wanted to educate children so the children

could read the Bible.

With all these blessings, what more is necessary to make us a happy and a prosperous people? Still one thing more, fellow-citizens— a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned."— Thomas Jefferson, Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801This quote indicates Jefferson's belief in

a limited national government

From the perspective of a landowner, what was the advantage of using enslaved labor instead of indentured servants

Slaves could not legally escape.

The Alien and Sedition Acts were designed to

protect America from foreign enemies.

The army of Bacon's Rebellion was comprised mostly of

former indentured servants

Conflict over the Louisiana Purchase resulted mainly from

previous political disputes involving Thomas Jefferson

For we must consider that we shall be as a City upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us."—John Winthrop, A Model of Christian CharityWhat "City" could Winthrop be referring to in his quote


These lands are ours. No one has a right to remove us, because we were the first owners. The Great Spirit has appointed this place for us, on which to light our fires, and here we will remain. As to boundaries, the Great Spirit knows no boundaries, nor will his red children acknowledge any."—Tecumseh, 1810To what specific territory was Tecumseh referring when he spoke of "these lands

all the lands of the earth

I am doomed, Tituba thought. Even if the master were the kind who would risk his own life and his family's safety to protect his slave, even so he couldn't possibly save me from hanging."—Excerpt from Tituba of Salem Village by Ann PetryThe slave who is speaking in the above quote is worried that

she'll be killed for witchcraft.

Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political; peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none . . . Freedom of religion; freedom of the press, and freedom of person under the protection of the habeas corpus, and trial by juries impartially selected. These principles form the bright constellation which has gone before us, and guided our steps through an age of revolution and reformation. The wisdom of our sages and the blood of our heroes have been devoted to their attainment. They should be the creed of our political faith, the text of civil instruction, the touchstone by which to try the services of those we trust . . ."—Thomas Jefferson, Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801The best summary for the passage above

America must continue to live by the principles upon which it was founded.

Tobacco is a crop that needs a tremendous amount of laborers, far more laborers than the Virginians were able to get from Great Britain. The supply of Africans in this colonial era seemed [limitless]. And the African merchants and traders were willing to provide the Europeans with as many laborers as they needed. So why bother with indentured servants, who after 7, 18, or 21 years [would have to be freed], when you could have Africans serve their lifetime, and serve [forever through their children?"—Margaret Washington, Africans in AmericaHistorian Margaret Washington argues that Southerners used African slaves in part because

it was easier to buy slaves than to hire indentured servants.

What was NOT a weakness of the Articles of Confederation,

All 13 states had to agree to pass laws.

How did the Northern and Southern colonial economies differ in the 1700s,

Subsistence farming, trapping, and fishing existed in the North while the plantation system prevailed in the South.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."The passage above is taken from which text,

Bill of Rights

CauseFrench and Indian WarEffect************************Which of the following best completes the chart above

The English government went into massive war debt, using its colonies to finance the aftermath

The Virginia Plan,

Advocated for a representative system emphasizing a state's population

Why was the Bill of Rights added to the original Constitution

To ensure passage and support from the Anti-Federalists

Under the Northwest Ordinance, which of the following states joined the union

Ohio and Indiana

What was a common belief of Enlightenment thinkers

Reason and logic can be used to improve society

I agree to this Constitution, with all its faults . . . I doubt, too, whether any other Convention we can obtain, may be able to make a better constitution; for when you assemble a number of men, to have the advantage of their joint wisdom, you inevitably assemble with those men all their prejudices, their passions, their errors of opinion, their local interest, and their selfish views. From such an assembly can a perfect production be expected? It therefore astonishes me, Sir, to find this system approaching so near to perfection as it does."—Benjamin Franklin,excerpt from his closing speech at the Constitutional ConventionWhich of these statements best summarizes Benjamin Franklin's main idea in the passage above,

He believes that while the Constitution may not be perfect, it would be very difficult to write a better one.

This woodcut of the interior of a slave ship shows

the terrible treatment of enslaved Africans on the Middle Passage

A man's house is his castle; and while he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle . . . Custom house officers may enter our houses when they please; we are commanded to permit their entry. Their menial servants may enter— may break locks, bars, everything in their way . . ."— James Otis, speech before Superior Court of Massachusetts, 1761The above passage from Otis's speech refers to the

writs of assistance

Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris

Britain gave up control of all land east of the Mississippi River

Colonists thought the Proclamation of 1763 was unfair because

they felt entitled to western lands since they helped defeat the French.

How was France's settlement in North America different from the settlements of the Spanish and British

France chose to expand in the interior of the country rather than along the coast.

Triangular trade refers to

trade routes linking the Americas, Africa, Europe, and the West Indies

These words from the Declaration of Independence illustrate John Locke's influence and teachings because

it advocates for citizens' natural rights.

The Sugar Act and the Stamp Act

Stressed American business, sometimes to the point of bankruptcy

Great Britain passed the Sugar Act

to raise money to pay for housing soldiers in the colonies.

Which of the following actions did the Second Continental Congress take

formed the Continental Army under George Washington's command

The Battle of Saratoga was a significant event in the Revolutionary War because

the American victory convinced France to openly support the American cause