The main obstacle the English settlers faced due to the location of their settlements is
the English settlements were inside the territory of the Indian settlements
While the War of 1812 ended in a stalemate, its lasting impact was
Development of American nationalism, International recognition of American independence, Establishment of peaceful US-British relations
The California Mission System
Sought to convert individuals to Christianity
Which of the following was not a cause of the War of 1812
Taxation of American businesses
Puritans wanted to educate children so the children
could read the Bible.
With all these blessings, what more is necessary to make us a happy and a prosperous people? Still one thing more, fellow-citizens— a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned."— Thomas Jefferson, Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801This quote indicates Jefferson's belief in
a limited national government
From the perspective of a landowner, what was the advantage of using enslaved labor instead of indentured servants
Slaves could not legally escape.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were designed to
protect America from foreign enemies.
The army of Bacon's Rebellion was comprised mostly of
former indentured servants
Conflict over the Louisiana Purchase resulted mainly from
previous political disputes involving Thomas Jefferson
For we must consider that we shall be as a City upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us."—John Winthrop, A Model of Christian CharityWhat "City" could Winthrop be referring to in his quote
These lands are ours. No one has a right to remove us, because we were the first owners. The Great Spirit has appointed this place for us, on which to light our fires, and here we will remain. As to boundaries, the Great Spirit knows no boundaries, nor will his red children acknowledge any."—Tecumseh, 1810To what specific territory was Tecumseh referring when he spoke of "these lands
all the lands of the earth
I am doomed, Tituba thought. Even if the master were the kind who would risk his own life and his family's safety to protect his slave, even so he couldn't possibly save me from hanging."—Excerpt from Tituba of Salem Village by Ann PetryThe slave who is speaking in the above quote is worried that
she'll be killed for witchcraft.
Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political; peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none . . . Freedom of religion; freedom of the press, and freedom of person under the protection of the habeas corpus, and trial by juries impartially selected. These principles form the bright constellation which has gone before us, and guided our steps through an age of revolution and reformation. The wisdom of our sages and the blood of our heroes have been devoted to their attainment. They should be the creed of our political faith, the text of civil instruction, the touchstone by which to try the services of those we trust . . ."—Thomas Jefferson, Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801The best summary for the passage above
America must continue to live by the principles upon which it was founded.
Tobacco is a crop that needs a tremendous amount of laborers, far more laborers than the Virginians were able to get from Great Britain. The supply of Africans in this colonial era seemed [limitless]. And the African merchants and traders were willing to provide the Europeans with as many laborers as they needed. So why bother with indentured servants, who after 7, 18, or 21 years [would have to be freed], when you could have Africans serve their lifetime, and serve [forever through their children?"—Margaret Washington, Africans in AmericaHistorian Margaret Washington argues that Southerners used African slaves in part because
it was easier to buy slaves than to hire indentured servants.
What was NOT a weakness of the Articles of Confederation,
All 13 states had to agree to pass laws.
How did the Northern and Southern colonial economies differ in the 1700s,
Subsistence farming, trapping, and fishing existed in the North while the plantation system prevailed in the South.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."The passage above is taken from which text,
Bill of Rights
CauseFrench and Indian WarEffect************************Which of the following best completes the chart above
The English government went into massive war debt, using its colonies to finance the aftermath
The Virginia Plan,
Advocated for a representative system emphasizing a state's population
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the original Constitution
To ensure passage and support from the Anti-Federalists
Under the Northwest Ordinance, which of the following states joined the union
Ohio and Indiana
What was a common belief of Enlightenment thinkers
Reason and logic can be used to improve society
I agree to this Constitution, with all its faults . . . I doubt, too, whether any other Convention we can obtain, may be able to make a better constitution; for when you assemble a number of men, to have the advantage of their joint wisdom, you inevitably assemble with those men all their prejudices, their passions, their errors of opinion, their local interest, and their selfish views. From such an assembly can a perfect production be expected? It therefore astonishes me, Sir, to find this system approaching so near to perfection as it does."—Benjamin Franklin,excerpt from his closing speech at the Constitutional ConventionWhich of these statements best summarizes Benjamin Franklin's main idea in the passage above,
He believes that while the Constitution may not be perfect, it would be very difficult to write a better one.
This woodcut of the interior of a slave ship shows
the terrible treatment of enslaved Africans on the Middle Passage
A man's house is his castle; and while he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle . . . Custom house officers may enter our houses when they please; we are commanded to permit their entry. Their menial servants may enter— may break locks, bars, everything in their way . . ."— James Otis, speech before Superior Court of Massachusetts, 1761The above passage from Otis's speech refers to the
writs of assistance
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris
Britain gave up control of all land east of the Mississippi River
Colonists thought the Proclamation of 1763 was unfair because
they felt entitled to western lands since they helped defeat the French.
How was France's settlement in North America different from the settlements of the Spanish and British
France chose to expand in the interior of the country rather than along the coast.
Triangular trade refers to
trade routes linking the Americas, Africa, Europe, and the West Indies
These words from the Declaration of Independence illustrate John Locke's influence and teachings because
it advocates for citizens' natural rights.
The Sugar Act and the Stamp Act
Stressed American business, sometimes to the point of bankruptcy
Great Britain passed the Sugar Act
to raise money to pay for housing soldiers in the colonies.
Which of the following actions did the Second Continental Congress take
formed the Continental Army under George Washington's command
The Battle of Saratoga was a significant event in the Revolutionary War because
the American victory convinced France to openly support the American cause