Med Term Unit 1

acrodermatitis

inflammation of the skin of the extremities

acromegaly

enlarged extremities

acroparalysis

paralysis of the extremities

adjective

describes a noun

anemia/anemic

lack of blood, noun/adjective

appendix/appendices

glandular structure below the cecum, singular/plural

bacillus/bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria, singular/plural

bacterium/bacteria

microorganism group, singular/plural

Brainstem

brain structure that includes: midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata

carcinoma/carcinomata

cancerous tumor (epithelial origin), singular/plural

carpus, carpal, carpi

wrist bone(s), (noun/adjective/plural)

chicken pox

varicella zoster virus

combining form

word root plus a vowel

compound word

word made of two or more word roots

condyle/condylar

rounded bony process

contraction

condition of shortening a body part, tension, muscle function

crisis, crises

acute (severe) situation (singular/plural)

cyanosis/cyanotic

condition of blueness (noun/adjective)

cytometer

instrument that measures (counts) cells

dermatisis

inflammation of the skin

dermatology

study of the skin

disease

An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally

extension

stretching or elongation

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

gastric

stomach

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

gastroduodenoscopy

examination by looking into the stomach and the duodenum with a scope

gastroduodenostomy

making a new opening between the stomach and duodenum

hydrocele

herniation or sac containing water (fluid)

Hydrophobia

fear of water

hydrotherapy

therapy using water

hyperthyrodism

overactive thyroid condition

ilium/iliac

upper pelvic bone, noun/adjective

inflammation

condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, and warmth

inject

put in using a needle

injectable

able to be injected

larynx/larynges

voice box (singular/plural)

lymphadenopathy

disease of the lymph nodes

microbe

very small organism

microfilm

image reduced to small size on film

micrometer

millionth of a meter

microscope

instrument used to look at small structures

microsurgery

surgery using a microscope

mucus

watery substance secreted by mucous membranes

neurospasm

nerve spasm (twitching)

practitioner

one who practices

psychiatrist

specialist in treating mental disorders

radiographer

one who makes x-ray images

spermatozoon

sperm

vomit

evacuate stomach contents