LCSW (ASWB Clinical Exam)

What is the 3 Levels of Consciousness?

Conscious, Pre-conscious & Unconscious

According to Psychoanalytic Theory behaviors & thoughts are driven by WHAT unconscious forces, motives, & drives?

Unconscious Dreams, Desires, Defenses, & Wishes

Psychoanalysts believe that behaviors are shaped by?

Repressed Childhood Memories & Experiences

Freud believed that thoughts & ideas that create anxiety or distress are pushed from the conscious to the unconscious. This process is referred to as?


What are the 3 Structural Personality Developmental stages?

Id, Ego, & Superego

The most primitive stage of the personality is?


Two of the early cognitive theorists Alfred ______ & Albert _______.

Alfred Adler & Albert Ellis

The three levels of moral development are?

Pre-conventional, Conventional & Post-conventional

Respodent or Classical conditioning was formulated by John ______ & Ivan ______.

Watson & Pavlov

According to Skinner all Behaviors can be elicited or eliminated through ______ or _____ reinforcement.

Positive & Negative

The work of cognitive theory address Mis-______, ______ thoughts ______ beliefs.

Misconceptions, irrational thoughts & false beliefs.

The 2 stages of conventional moral development focus on?

Individuals seeking to gain the approval of others & adherence to laws & rules.

Classical conditioning refers to the process by which an individual learns a behavior through ______.


Decreasing the likelihood & frequency of a behavior by presenting an unpleasant reinforcement or punishment is known as what type conditioning?


What does ABC stand for in cognitive behavioral therapy?

A = Activating Event
B = Individual's thoughts & beliefs about A
C = Emotional Response & Consequences of B

Moral Development is learned primarily from the individual's _______.


According to Pavlov, behaviors are a _______ to or result of some environmental event or ________.

Response & Stimulus

________ are defined as the presentation of a positive or negative stimulus following a behavior in order to increase the probability of its occurrence.


The stage of development that involves an infant using her/his senses and motor functions to understand the world is?


The two types of Piaget's adaption are?

Assimilation (the incorporation of an aspect of one's environment into an existing mental schema)
Accommodation (The adaptation or modification of existing mental schema to the characteristics of a new object).

This type of test of reliability is where research subjects' test scores are compared with one another using the same test is known as?


This type of single-subject design A-B design is know as?

Basic single systems design

The two phases of N=1 are?

Baseline & Intervention Phase

This cognitive approach technique is used to make the client aware of & continue the behavior that is causing anxiety (i.e., fear of public speaking) & to provide the client w/ a sense of control.

Paradoxical Direction (Directive)

This stage is from 2-3 years & involves mastery of skills to be autonomous & learning to be more confident & in control of their self.

Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt

Gestalt Theory focuses on the _______ ______ of human experience in the _____ & ______.

Holistic Nature, Here & Now

The infant's attention shifts from being inwardly focused to outwardly focused is which substage?


This practice framework is most relevant when the client is a female and her issues are based upon the effects of gender or sex role stereotypes and discrimination.

Feminist Framework

Ability to successfully interact with other people is called?

Object Relations

During this stage the child learns more adult-like or hypothetical thinking.

Formal Operational

According to Piaget individual learning is through the process of ______ or the reciprocal exchange between an individual and her/his environment.


This stage is from 6 to 11 years and involves a child to accomplish tasks & work in groups. Failing this stage the child feels inferior & incompetent.

Industry vs. Inferiority

Unlike Freud, Erickson believed personality development continued after the age of _____.


The infant begins to want to act independently is which substage?


The 3 Stages of object relations & the age ranges are?

- Autistic - Newborn to 1 mo
- Symbiotic - 1 to 5 mos
- Separation/Individuation - 5 mos through adulthood

Cognitive, behavioral & social learning theory all share what kind of theoretical approach?

Task Centered

This treatment approach in family theory focuses on the interactions & relationships within the family systems & known as?

Structural Approach

This practice framework requires the SW to focus on the interplay between biological & social systems as they relate to human behavior are?

Systems Framework

Behavioral, Respondent or Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, and Social Learning theory all share what kind of theoretical approach?

Behavioral Modification

This Gestalt treatment concept is where the client inappropriately receives & internalizes messages & info from others is defined as?


The 5 stages of Grieving are?


This practice framework requires the SW to be attentive & sensitive to a client's culture, ethnicity & religion.

Ethnic-Sensitive Framework

This psychoanalytic technique where the SW brings opposing ideas & thoughts together for the purpose of exploration & comparison is referred to as?


This Gestalt treatment concept is where a client does to themselves what they would like to do, to another person is defined as?


This theoretical approach views the client as part of a system that includes subsystems & seeks to clarify roles & improve communication stemming from dysfunction or conflict within part of the system is know as?

Family (systems) Theory

This practice framework requires the SW to explore, focus on, mobilize & embellish the client's strengths & is?

Strengths (perspective) Framework

This theoretical approach helps the client become aware of their behaviors, recognize, use & expand on other behaviors, & take responsibility for such behaviors is known as?

Gestalt Theory

The theoretical base of this approach is base on psychoanalytic, Ego psychology & social learning theory & focuses on mitigating a short term crisis & learning new coping skills is known as?

Crisis Intervention

This treatment approach in family theory focuses on rules & patterns of behavior where the SW strategically chooses interventions that improve the family's behavioral interactions within/among each other is known as?

Strategic Family Therapy

Formation of a Culturally Competent Practice the Individual practitioner should understand the ______ of the differences of her/his own culture & that of the client & recognize their own ______.

Dynamic & Ethnocentricity

Recurrent, locality-specific patterns of aberrant behavior & troubling experience that may or may not be defined & recognized in the DSM- IV is defined as?

Culture Bound syndromes

Prior to assessment the SW should explain the legal & ethical obligations & limitations of _______?


Formation of a Culturally competent Practice the individual practitioner should ______ a detailed knowledge of various cultures.


Culture Bound syndromes should always be _____ _____ first & should NEVER be _____.

Ruled-out & Diagnosed

A tool used by SW's to assist in the development of client goals & monitoring of progress is?

Treatment Plan

This type of assessment tool seeks to place the client in the context of their family & social environment.


Patterns of behavior that violate basic human rights, aggression toward people & animals, destruction of property, deceit or theft, running away, or truancy is?

Conduct disorder

Sub-average intellectual functioning & impairment in adaptive functioning with onset before age 18 is considered?

Mental Retardation

Axis I lists?

Clinical disorders or major mental illnesses

Axis III lists?

Psychosocial Factors that affect diagnosis & treatment

Eating one or more non-nutritive substance, e.g., paint, string, hair, insects, pebbles on a persistent basis is known as?


Mild intellectual functioning is what IQ range?

(50-55) - 70

This type of assessment tool is similar to a family tree & describes the family relationships for 1 or more generations.


A culturally competent SW should understand & be cognizant of their own _____ & the impact of their _____style when working with minority populations.

Culture & Communication

Formation of a culturally competent practice the individual practitioner should _____ their practice skills to _____ a client's culture

Adapt & Accommodate

Assessment begins on the 1st day of Treatment & continues throughout treatment: True or False


Culture bound syndromes are symptoms that look like characteristics of a mental disorder but are actually related to certain _____ & _____ of the individual's culture.

Values & Beliefs

These type of SSD designs A-B-A, A-B-A-B, & B-A-B are know as?

Experimental Single Systems Designs

This phase of an N=1 study is where a target problem/behavior is defined as?

Baseline Phase

This type of Validity is an experimental demonstration of a test which measures a term it claims to be measuring is known as?

Construct Validity

Results obtained consistently from the same study repeatedly is a measure of?


This type of single subject design "A only" is known as?

Observation only

This type of test of reliability where a study is performed once & then performed again is known as?


This type of single subject design "B only" is known as?

Intervention only

This type of study involves identifying & manipulating independent variables & measuring their effect on the dependent variable and is the most rigorous studies conducted.

Experimental Studies

This practice framework views the individual in the context of & their behaviors as adaptations to the environment as?

Ecosystems Framework

This theoretical approach focuses on changing behavior by identifying, challenging, & changing the client's misconceptions & false beliefs is referred as?

Cognitive Theory

This Gestalt treatment concept is where a client takes unacceptable & undesirable parts of their own personality & attributes them to another person is defined as?


The 5 Stages of Grief were developed by Elisabeth _____ - _____.


Any SW who receives or is privy to receiving client information is bound by this NASW ethical principle?


This public law 93-579 was enacted over concerns that individuals were unaware that agencies were collecting personal info & not sharing it with their clients.

Federal Privacy Act of 1974

NASW Code of Ethics state except where appropriate as in martial relationships or work with groups, it is inappropriate to provide services to two or more people who have a relationship with each other: True or False


Two types of SW Research are?

Qualitative & Quanitative

What are the exceptions to the Federal Privacy Act of 1974?

-Need to Know
-Legitimate Research
-Legitimate Law-enforcement
-Court order/subpoena
-Emergency situations

This 1976 California Supreme Court case establish that SW's have a duty to warn victims of active threats by their client of physical harm & is known as?

Tarasoft V. Regents of University of California

This type of study is used to discover new qualitative facts.

Descriptive Studies (e.g., observational methods, case-studies cross-sectional, and survey methods)

This Act passed in 1996 provides:
-Protections & limits on use & disclosure of PHI
-Access to Protected Health Information
-Right to receive notice of privacy practices

HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

In the case of a HIV client who is engaging in unprotected sex the SW's 1st responsibility is to?

Educate the client on the risks to self & others associated with HIV & promote self-determination.

HIPAA only applies to covered entitles of:

-Healthcare Providers
-Healthcare clearing houses
-Health plans

In order for a therapist to break confidentiality & warn an intended victim of the client's HIV status, 5 facts have to be proven:

-The client is HIV positive
-The client/victim engaged in unprotected sex or shared drug injection equipment
-The behavior is actually unsafe
-Client intends to continue the behavior after being counseled
-HIV transmission will likely occur

NASW Code of Ethics defines this as the affirmative agreement by the client to undergo treatment after all potential risks, benefits, and associated costs have been disclose to the client.

Informed Consent

This process explains how data is collected & analyzed to either confirm or reject a proposition or a hypothesis is know as?


Federal Privacy Act of 1974 requires that agencies inform clients that:

-Personal information was being kept
-They have a right to access & can request a copy of their records
-That their records were only being used for the purpose for which it was intended

For mandated Reporting of abuse, the NASW Code of Ethics states the SW should have witness the abuse before a report is made: True or False

False, SW's in good faith are mandated to report all suspected case of abuse.

This type of study is used when dealing with a new area of research or to clarify or expand on existing knowledge.

Exploratory Study or Research

The Federal Privacy Act of 1974 applies to both Federal and State agencies? True or False

False, The Federal Privacy Act of 1974 only applies to Federal Agencies but many if not all private, state & local government agencies have adopted the provisions of the act.

To fulfill the Duty to Warn the following criteria have to met:

-There is a genuine Therapist/Client Relationship
-The client has communicated a serious & imminent threat of physical violence
-The threat is against identifiable victim

This type of Validity is where results of one study are compared to results of another-similar study but measured using a different instrument.

Concurrent Validity

A theory that asserts a relationship exists between two variables is know as?


This phase of an N=1 study is where the effect on the target is observed & measured for a change.

Intervention Phase

Losing of some aspect of development already achieved due to anxiety causing a person to revert to a previously attained stage or lower level of adaption is called?


The extent to which external/internal events are seen as real is called?

Sense of Reality (of the world & self)

Efficiency of cognitive process is called?

Autonomous Functioning

Replacement of some painful or negative event with the complete opposite is called?

Reaction Formation

The ability to distinguish between reality and imagination is called?


Attempting to provide a logical and rational explanation for something or situation to avoid guilt or shame is called?


The ability or process of distinguishing the internal world of thoughts and feelings from the external world is known as?

Reality Testing

Rationalizing and making generalizations about anxiety-provoking issues to minimize pain and anxiety is called?


Changing one's own behavior or self in order to adapt is called?


This Defense Mechanism is taking our own unacceptable qualities or feelings and ascribing them to other people is known as?


Changing the environment in order to adapt is called?


Refocusing of aggression or emotions evoked from an external force onto one's self is called?


In ego psychology, adaptation is defined as the reciprocal relationship between the ______ & the ______?

Environment & Individual

Inability to simultaneously experience the cognitive and affective components of a situation is called?


Ego Psychology was developed by and focuses on?

Heinz Hartman & Adaptation

The unconscious modeling of one's self upon another person's behavior is called?


Returning to an earlier stage of psychosexual development is called?


The five psychosexual stages of development are? (Orphan Annie Pretty Little Girl)


In psychoanalytic theory, problems, issues & dysfunctions are described as _____ & ______ behaviors.

Unwanted & Undesirable

_____ is defined as the presentation of an unpleasant or undesired event following a behavior in order to decrease its occurrence.


1. Educating community members
2. Locating & utilizing community resources
3. Influencing organizations to respond to the problem by developing policies
4. Politically motivating the local, state and/or Federal Gov't to enact legislation are the goals of?

Community level Eco-Systems intervention

The dissolution or disorganization of a closed system results in less differentiation and a lost of function is defined as?


_____ is the reciprocal process by which the individual and their environment change and adapt to one another in order to achieve _____ of _____?

Adaptation & Goodness of Fit

Systems that are accepting of input from outside environmental sources & are willing to change accordingly are known as ______ ______?

Open Systems

This systems theory concept is defined as a disturbing factor or level of conflict and a good and necessary thing for systems to adapt.


One unit comprised of individuals and their interactions is defined as?


This stage is from 35 to 50 years and involves the individual developing the capacity to care and nurture. Failing this stage and the focus tends to be on her/himself.

Generativity vs. Stagnation

This type of test of reliability is where study subjects are randomly assigned to one of two groups and are tested within their respective groups and ideally achieving the same result is known as?

Split-Half Test

This type of single subject design B-C only is implemented how?

No baseline is recorded. Instead data is recorded after an initial intervention (B). Then the intervention is changed and data is recorded (C).

N=1 is what type of design?

Single Subject Design

This research or study concept refers to the extent to which results collected reflect the True or correct characteristics of what the researcher is attempting to measure is known as?


The act of expressing prejudice or the intentional taking away certain choices, benefits, or other opportunities from a minority group is defined as?


A culturally competent SW should understand & be cognizant of their own ____ & the impact of their _____ style when working minority populations.

Culture & Communication

Recurrent, locality-specific patterns of aberrant behavior and troubling experience that may or may not be defined & recognized in the DSM-IV is defined as?

Culture Bound Syndromes

Feelings or thoughts about various minority groups based upon perceived values, normative judgements, and negative inferences or stereotypes about such groups is defined as?


Culture Bound Syndromes should always be _____ _____ first & should NOT be _____.

Ruled Out & Diagnosed

The 2 stages of Post-conventional moral development focus on?

- Social Contracts or development of laws/regulations based on majority decision and inevitable compromise
- Universal ethical principles and based on abstract reasoning

Cognitive theorist, Albert Ellis developed what type of cognitive behavior theory also known as ABC theory of emotion?

Rational Emotive Therapy

Per Cognitive Theory behavior is driven by _____ motivation, not sexual drives.


The 2 stages of Preconventional moral development focus on?

- (School age children) Seeking social acceptance
- Avoiding punishment

Operant Conditioning was developed by B.F. ______.


One way of increasing the likelihood & frequency of a specific behavior will occur by presenting a reward or _____ _____ .

Positive Reinforcement

According to Cognitive theory, an individual's _____ & _____ are the principal determinants of her/his behavior.

Feelings & Thoughts

The theory of Moral Development was developed by Lawrence ____.


The underlying premise of Behavioral Theory is that all behaviors are _____ & can be _____.

Learned & Changed

B.F. Skinner believed Operant Conditioning explained changes in behavior were the result of changes in one's _____ & _____ by significant others.

Environment & Reinforcement

In the formation of a culturally competent practice the individual practitioner should be able to express the ____ of their knowledge about the client's cultural values & beliefs.


Prior to assessment the SW should establish _____ & _____.

Rapport & Trust

The act of expressing prejudice or the intentional taking away of certain choices, benefits, or other opportunities from a minority group is defined as?


Formation of a culturally competent practice the individual practitioner should become aware of her/his own cultural _____ & _____.

Values & Beliefs

Assessment phase is usually considered the 1st part of _____?


Formation of a culturally competent practice the individual practitioner should become _____ of & gain _____ about the differences in cultures.

Aware & Knowledge

Some types of social assessment (Interview) methods may be?

- Direct/Indirect Questioning
- Observation of the client in her/his environment or simulated situation
- Client self monitoring/self observation
- Obtaining reports/records from outside sources (i.e., schools, doctors office, social service agencies)

Severe Intellectual functioning is what IQ range?

(20-25) - (35 - 40)

Axis II Lists?

- Mental Retardation
- Developmental Disabilities
- Personality Disorders

Borderline Intellectual Functioning is what IQ range?

71 - 84

Hostile & defiant behavior (losing temper, arguing with adults, actively defying adult requests), irritability, often angry, resentful & spiteful behavior is?

Opposition Defiant Disorder

Axis V Lists?

Global Assessment of Functioning

Moderate Intellectual Functioning is what IQ range?

(30 - 40) - (50 - 55)

Inability to focus or remember, disorientation, and language disturbances & is brief & fluctuates during throughout the day is?


After the Assessment phase comes?

Diagnosing the client

The Termination phase begins once the _____ goals have been met.


Profound Intellectual Functioning is what IQ range?

Below (20 - 25)

Involves the failure to fulfill major obligations at work, school, and/or home results in DUI's, legal issues, disorderly conduct, & arguing with significant others is?

Substance Abuse

One or more Major Depressive Episodes combined with at least one Hypo-manic Episode is associated with this disorder?

Bipolar II D/O

This category of measurement is a scale with an absolute zero, (e.g., a score of 50 is 1/2 of 100) & known as?


This average is obtained by adding all the scores together & dividing by the total number of scores.


This measurement of variability is the dispersion of scores around the central tendency & usually defines the normal distribution or "bell curve.

Standard Deviation around the Mean

This probably is known as the Level of Significance (with taking a perfect relationship) 1.0 - 0.99 (an observed relationship) & determining the level of significance and whether to reject or accept the Ho

Alpha (typically set at .05 or less)

This test of statistical significance determines the degree of confidence you can have in accepting or rejecting a hypothesis.

Chi Square

This test of statistical significance is the probability that the observed statistic occurred by chance alone.


This category of measurement is relative & based upon each other, (e.g., 1st, 2nd, 3rd) & known as?


A sampling design based on systematically selecting a sample at random, such as picking every 10th item or subject from the overall population is known as?

Systematic Sampling

This type of Measure of Variability is the difference between the largest & smallest measurements.


Ho is the Symbol for?

The Null Hypothesis or a statement that is opposite or contradicts the Ha

This test of statistical significance assesses whether the means of 2 sample groups are statistically different from each other


This type of Validity is where a measurement is compared with some predicted future outcome.

Predicted Validity

This sampling technique is dividing population of two or more groups into common denominators (e.g., gender, income, etc...) & known as?

Stratified Random Sampling

This average is determined by the score(s) that appear most frequently.


A decision factor computed from sample data that decides whether to accept the null Hypothesis or reject it in favor of the research hypothesis is known as?

Test Statistic (TS)

This type of statistical error is when the Ho is accepted but in actuality is false or when a researcher concludes that a difference doesn't exist when it really does.

Type II error

This type of Validity is where a term or construct is deemed to be a good measurement as agreed upon by research experts.

Content Validity

This sampling technique is where a group of n subjects has equal chance of being picked (e.g., picking names out of hat) & known as?

Simple Random Sampling

This average is where 50% of the scores fall above & 50% fall below a central value.


The relationship between variables & expressed as a coefficient & where r of either 1.0 (+ relationship) or -1.0 (opposite relationship) is considered a ____.


This type of statistical error occurs when the Ho is rejected but in actuality is true or when a researcher concludes that a difference does exists when it really doesn't.

Type I error

This category of measurement is two or more variables (e.g., male/female, high/low, pass/fail) & known as?


This sampling technique is based upon taking a Simple Random Sampling of groups and then sampling all items within that group is known as?

Cluster Sampling

A measure of change for a given variable compared to other variables is known as (e.g., up/down)

Measure of Variability (MofV)

Ha is the symbol for?

The Research Hypothesis or statement of what you're trying to prove.

This category of measurement is discrete & follows a continuous pattern & of equal distance apart like on scale (-/+) & known as?


This concept is known as the degree to which certain findings cluster or group together by determining the Average.

Measure of Central Tendency

This Measure of Variability is the Difference between the upper and lower quartiles.

Interquartile Range

A measure of a strong relationship between the target (Dependent) & intervention (Independent) variables as determined by running a TS & where the Ho is rejected is known as?

Statistical Significance (defined as a p-value)

This test of statistical significance tests whether there is an actual and real difference between the means of two or more sample groups.

ANOVA (Analysis of Variance or F Test)

Form of denial in which the object of attention is presented as "all good" masking true negative feelings toward the other is called?


During the Phallic Stage, a boy becomes jealous of his father & competes w/ him for his mother's affection, attention & love. What does Freud refer to this as?

Oedipus Complex

The Rational executive portion of an individual's personality is?


Refusing to acknowledge or recognize the reality & implications of painful, anxiety-provoking experiences is called?


Freud believed that thoughts & ideas that create anxiety or distress are pushed from the conscious to the unconscious. This process is referred to as?


The development of an individual's mental state is the result of a reciprocal exchange between two forces?

Urging Force (or Cathexis) & Checking Force (Anti-Cathexis)

The Moral, Judicial & Ethical portion of an individual's personality is?


The partial or complete cessation of personality development at one of the psychosexual stages is called?


The Id follows what Principle & requires immediate gratification?

Pleasure Principle
(Freud's idea of human basic needs i.e., food, shelter, sex, etc...)

Repressing, dissociation or disconnecting important feelings that are "dangerous" to psychic well-being, leading to feelings of a fragmented self is called?


Shifting repressed feelings from where they originate to some other object is called?


The unconscious sexual attraction that a girl has for her father because she is aware of not having a penis & thus feels inferior & blames her mother is called?

Electra Complex

Separation or postponement of a feeling that normally would accompany a situation or thought is called?


The unconscious, irrational processes to protect the Ego & minimize pain, anxiety, or discomfort by distorting, hiding, or denying reality is called?

Defense Mechanisms

The pushing of negative or painful image, thought or idea out of the unconsciousness & considered the primary defense mechanism is called?


Identifying with some idea or object so deeply that is becomes part of that person?


What is the age ranges for the 5 psychosexual stages of development? (Orphan Annie Pretty Little Girl)

Oral: 0 - 1.5yrs old
Anal: 1.5 - 3yrs old
Phallic: 3 - 6yrs old
Latency: 6 - 12yrs old
Genital: 12yrs to Adulthood

This type of program evaluation focuses on evaluating results after the entire program is completed.

Outcome Evaluation

Under Selective Social Welfare Prog's, Prog's are generally _____- ______ or ______-______ in that prog eligibility & the amt of benefits is based on the client's or family's household income level & economic situation.

Means-Tested & Income-Tested

There 3 types of Outcome Evaluations are?

1) Experimental Eval-Utilizes experimental & quasi-exp designs.
2) Performance Audits-3rd party, indep evaluator review
3) Decision-oriented-is a review of individual components of a prog

Funding of Gov't Social Welfare Prog's are achieved thru one of two types of Taxes?

1) Progressive - or taxes levied against a person's income & as it goes up so does the tax.
2) Regressive - or tax that is acquired via sales taxes or social security & typically more of a burden to the poor

This program was established under the Social Security Act & provides for medical assistance for individuals/families w/ low incomes & resources.


Two types of Social Services can be delivered of ________ (e.g., unemp benefits, Temp Aid for Needy Fam) or _______ (e.g., Food Stamps).

In-Cash & In-Kind

The 4 Types of Social Service Delivery Systems are?

1) Employer Funded
2) Gov't Funded
3) Personal (Charitable) Contrib.
4) Publically Funded

This type of prog eval also known as a "formative evaluation," evaluates a prog during a specific point in time under specific conditions (e.g., planning stage through implementation of prog).

Process Oriented

Social Service Policies can be classified into three broad categories of?

1) Universal Prog's - or soc wel prog's available to all.
2) Selective Eligibility Prog's - or soc wel prog's available to only a select group of people who meet a certain predet. criteria.
3) Exceptional Eligibility Prog's - or soc wel prog's available t

3 types of Participatory Program Evaluations are?

1) Action Research - eval is most often done by the individuals directly affected by the issue being studied
2) Cluster Evaluations - of multp interests at one time
3) Self-Evaluations - is where the prog staff conducts the eval.

This act in passed in 1935 est a public trust fund or social insurance prog that pays retirement, permanent disability & family & survivors benefits.

Social Security

Spontaneity; playfulness to adapt; sense of humor is called?

Adaptive Regression

Ability to successfully interact with others is called?

Object Relations

The ability to handle frustration is called?

Impulse Control

Ability to hold inconsistencies about situation/person within self is called?

Integrative or Synthetic Functioning

Pushing a negative or painful image, thought, or idea out of consciousness to avoid the associated pain and also known at the primary defense mechanism is called?


Concept of Defense Mechanisms was developed by?

Anna Freud

Level of integrated response to stimuli; ability to focus, screen out distractions is called?

Stimulus Barrier

Feigning physical or psychological symptoms motivated by the desire to assume the sick role is referred to as?


Questions that require a client to respond in detail & in their own words is this type of questioning?

Open-ended Questioning

Schizopherniform D/O is similar Schizophrenia but symptoms for at least ____ but less than ____ mos.

1 month & 6 months

Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Celexa, Tofranil, Elavil, Marplan, Nardil and Eldepyl are?

Common Medications Rx'ed for Depressive D/O's

Refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight, a disturbance in body image, or the intense fear of gaining weight is known as?

Anorexia Nervosa

This practice framework allows the SW to be open to and use a variety of theories, models & methods of Tx and is considered the opposite of Specialization is known as?

Generalist Framework

Multiple cognitive deficits and intellectual deterioration. Involves problems with memory, language, perception, irritability, agitation, delusions, & loss of control. Symptoms are stable and last over long periods of time is?


Maj Dep, Manic, Mixed or Hypomanic Episodes are all associated with which D/O?

Mood Disorders

Librium, Xanax, Haldol, Celexa, Paxil, Toranil, Klonopin, and Valium are?

Common Medications Rx's for Anxiety/Panic D/O's

Verbal & Written responses during an assessment are this type of questioning?

Direct Questioning

Antabuse, ReVia & Trexan are?

Substance Abuse

Lithium, Depakote and Clonazepam are?

Bipolar II Disorder

Malingering is a diagnosis: True or False?


Questions that can be answered with a simple, direct answer is this type of questioning?

Closed-ended Questioning

Thorazine, Mellaril, Stelazine, Prolixin, Hadol, Loxitane, Clorazil, Risperdal & Zyprexa are?

Common Medications Rx'ed for Psychotic D/O's

Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing is which type of Anxiety D/O?


Binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain, e.g., self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives, is known as?

Bulimia Nervosa

This practice framework requires the SW to focus on the interplay between biological and social systems as they relate to human behavior are?

Systems Framework

Involves the need for increased amounts of a substance to get intoxicated, presence of withdrawal & persistent desire or efforts to cut down or quit is?

Substance Abuse

One or more Manic or Mixed Episodes is associated with which D/O?

Bipolar I Disorder

Feigning physical symptoms to gain some external benefits (e.g., disability benefits) is referred to as?


Sentence Completion is this type of questioning?

Indirect Questioning

This practice framework allows the SW to be open to and use a variety of theories, models and methods of treatment is?

Generalist Framework

According to Social Learning Theory, a Behavior can be changed by manipulating & alerting the ________ & ________.

Antecedent & Consequence

The Event that occurs after or as a result of the Behavior is called?


According Alert bandura, all behaviors are learned & can be changed by alerting the events that occur _____ & _____ the target behavior.

Before & After

Social Learn Theory was developed by Albert ______.


The act that is the focus of the analysis & target for change is called?


The Environmental event that occurs before the target behavior is called?

Antecedent Event

Psychoanalytic, Ego Psychology, Psychosocial & Object Relations Theory all share what kind of Theoretical approach?

Psychoanalytic (or Psycho-dynamic)

This Gestalt treatment concept is where a client focuses on false or unrealistic similarities & tends to ignore or deny the differences is defined as?


Another short term therapy similar to Crisis Intervention focuses on coping with significant loss is known as?

Grief Counseling

The stage is from birth to 1 year and involves either being loved & nurtured or not.

Trust vs. Mistrust

Gestalt Theory was founded by _____?

Fritz Perls

Separation-Individuation has 4 sub-stages of:

-Object Constancy

Efficiency of cognitive processes is called?

Autonomous Functioning

At this stage the child begins to use symbols logically and learn Conservation of Substance

Concrete Operational

This Cognitive Development theorist believed all individuals are born with Schemas both sensorimotor and cognitive.

Jean Piaget

This stage is from 4 to 5 years and involves a child becoming more curious and learns to play with others. If not allowed to take initiative will feel guilty & fearful.

Initiative vs. Guilt

The Psychosocial Theory developed by _____ ______ is based on the premise that an individual's social environment shapes her/his behaviors and personality.

Erik Erikson

The infant separates from the caretaker and her /his autonomous ego function becomes more apparent is which sub-stage?


Ability to Successfully interact with the environment is called?


Piaget believed that all individuals are born with schemas or ___________ & ____________ abilities.

Sensorimotor & Congitive

The Goal of Eco-Systems direct practice level is to improve the Goodness of Fit between the Client & their environment by changing the client's ______ & ______, thus enhancing their responsiveness to & exchanges w/ the environment.

Perceptions & Thoughts

Systems that have rigid, impermeable boundaries, are resistant to forces outside the system, are not amenable to change, do not accept input from other systems and not provide output to the other systems.


The Eco-Systems or Life Model focuses on the relationship between living organisms and their _______ and _______ environment.

Social & Physical

Systems are classified as either _______ or _______ Systems.

Open & Closed

This Systems Theory concept is described as the tendency of a system to seek restoration and maintenance of stability.

Homeostatic Balance

According to Systems theory a basic premise is that individuals and their situation are _______?


This stage is from 12 to 18 years and involves the creation of one's identity. Failing this stage the adolescent will experience role confusion.

Identity vs. Role Confusion

Psychosocial theory believe that all individuals have the capacity to ______ & ______ and to some degree change their _______ & ________ environment.

Learn, Adapt & Social, Phsycial

The infant internalizes her/his mother and begins to understand her/his mother still exists for her/him despite her absence is which sub-stage?

Object Constancy Sub-stage

Object Relations theory was developed by?

Margaret Mahler

Piaget's 4 stages of Cognitive development are?

Sensorimotor (birth - 2yrs)
Pre-Operational (2 - 7yrs)
Concrete Operational (7 -11yrs)
Formal Operational (11 - 15yrs)

This stage is from 20 to 35 years and involves the individual learning to build reciprocal relationships. Failing this stage the individual will feel isolated.

Intimacy vs. Isolation

Eric Erickson id's __ discrete Psychosocial stages of development of:

8, Trust v Mistrust; Autonomy v Shame/Doubt; Initiative v Guilt; Industry v Inferority; Identity v Role Confusion; Generativity v Stagnation; Ego Intergrity v Depair.

Heinz Kohut is best known for the development of _____________?


Object Relations concept refers to the way a child's Ego becomes organized over the first ___ of life.


At this stage the child begins to us symbols (i.e., learning language, drawing, etc...)


This stage is from 50 years on and involves the individual learning to accept her/his own life achievements & significant others. Failing this stage the individual will feel despair/regret.

Ego Integrity vs. Despair

Two interventional approaches when working with communities & larger systems are the _______ & ________ approach.

Horizontal & Vertical

The stage of group development, group members get acquainted with one another and are looking to the SW for direction.


This intervention approach deals with problems and issues by reaching outside the community, e.g., government.


During this stage of group development members form bonds, feel closer to one another and begin to appreciate the similarities in their respective issues and problems.


During this stage, the group reviews its goals & addresses issues related to loss and termination of the group.


This kind of Group therapy structure is completely arranged and controlled by the SW including number, length, location, group membership, and goals (e.g., Bereavement Group).

Closed Group

This intervention approach deals with problems or issues within the community.


During this stage of group development the roles of group members are formed, for instance one or more members take control and assume leadership.

Power & Control

A _________ chart or diagram often used to graphically depict the relationship between group members.


This kind of group therapy structure is flexible and allows members to come and go as they desire (e.g., AA Groups)

Open Group

During this stage, the group members will begin to express their own opinions, behaviors & thoughts.


Group therapy is generally recommended as a __________ Intervention or Therapy. It is not used as an individual treatment method but as a supplement.


When a person replaces one feeling or emotion for another is called?


Ability to protect ego maturely (rationalization) or immaturely (denial) is called?

Defensive Functioning (Defenses)

Manifestation of emotional anxiety into physical symptoms is called?


Memory, concentration and attention.
Abstract vs. Concrete thinking is called?

Thought Processes (Cognition)