Skin Disorders of Integumentary System

Acne Vulgaris

- common chronic disorder of sebaceous gland
- secrete excessive oil ,or sebum, & deposited at openings of glands; deposit becomes hard plugging up opening, filling up with leukocytes, causing pus( blackheads, pimples, cysts, and scarring)
- treatment: to

Athlete's Foot

- contagious fungal infection
- infects superficial skin layer (stratum corneum) skin layer leading to skin eruptions
- characterized by formation of small blisters between fingers and toes; causes cracking and scaling
- usually contracted in public baths


- inflammation of skin which may be nonspecific
- could be a rash
- cause could be emotional
- treatment: removing of irritant; wash area and apply topical ointments to reduce inflammation & itching


- acute, chronic, noncontagious inflammatory skin disease
- skin becomes red, dry, itchy and scaly
- most common type is atopic eczema, an allergic reaction that occurs in first year of life
- treatment: removal or avoidance of causative agent, topical me


- acute, inflammatory, contagious skin disease seen in babies and young children
- caused by staphylococcus or streptococcus organism
- characterized by appearances of vesicles that rupture and develop distinct yellow crusts
- treatment: topical antibacte


- chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by development of dry, reddish patches covered with silvery, white scales over elbows, knees, shins, scalp, and lower back
- cause unknown: may be triggered by stress, trauma or infection
- treatment: non


- highly contagious fungal infection marked by raised, itchy, circular patches with crusts
- may occur upon skin, scalp and underneath nails
- treatment: treated effectively with antifungal drugs


- recognized by the appearance of intensely itching wheals or welts
-welts have elevated white center with surrounding pink area
- appear in clusters distributed over entire body surface
- lasts 1 to 2 days
- response to an allergen
- treatment: complete


- carbuncles are painful
- bacterial infection of hair follicles or sebaceous glands usually caused by staphylococcus organism.
- treatment: requires antibiotics and excision and drainage of affected area


- common inflammatory disorder
- characterized by chronic redness and irritation to face
- most often affects fair-skinned adults
- may begin as tendency to blush easily then progress to persistent redness to central portion of face
-If signs and symptoms


- viral infection usually seen as blisters
- examples: herpes simplex, genital herpes, and shingles
- herpes simplex( cold sores) around mouth and spread through oral contact

Genital Herpes

- another form of virus which may appear as blister in genital
- spread through sexual contact
- involves periods of remission and outbreak
- treatment: antiviral ointment

Shingles( Herpes Zoster)

- skin eruption due to virus infection of nerve endings
- virus same as chicken pox
- seen on chest or abdomen, accompanied by severe pain know as herpetic neuralgia
- treatment: consists of medication for pain and itching; protecting the area