Chapter 8 Vocab

Articles of Confederation

the first written plan of government for the United States

Northwest Territory

the area between the Ohio River, the Mississippi River, and the Great Lakes, ceded by Great Britain in the Treaty of Paris

Northwest Ordinance

a law passed by Congress in 1787 that specified how western lands would be governed

Constitutional Convention

meeting where delegates wrote the constitution, Philadelphia 1787


Age of Reason" in Europe


a country governed by elected representatives


a written plan for the basic forms of government

Great Compromise

the compromise creating a two-house Congress

Three-Fifths Compromise

the compromise saying that slaves counted as 3/5 of people

Electoral College

the group established by the Constitution to elect the president and vice president


to formally approve

the Federalist Papers

a series of essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay in support of the ratification of the Constitution by the states


supporting ideas of freedom, change, and progress


a basic set of ideas used to develop a larger plan


a difference between two statements or situations that means they cannot both be true